Administrative Relations

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 18, 2022, 8:18

India's Constitution is based on the division of power and is divided into States and the Centre. Both have different legislative, administrative, and financial powers. Legislative relations care for the law-making bodies between the Centre and States; the finance commission deals with the distribution of taxes, whereas Administrative Relations form the spirit of the federal structure.

Administrative Relations help to establish integration between the States and the Centre. The administrative jurisdiction wholly demonstrates the supremacy of the Centre over the States. Therefore, the Constitution of India contains various provisions of Administrative Relations, which are from Article 256 to Article 263.

Administrative Relations Articles

Article 256 -

According to this provision of Administrative Relations, the executive power of states should not prejudice or impede the executive powers of the Centre, and States ensure compliance with the Parliament's laws.

Article 257 -

Just like article 256, this provision also states the superiority of the Centre's power over States. This provision offers the power to the Centre to give directions to States regarding the maintenance and construction of highways and waterways, means of communications, and measures to be taken for the protection of railways. Moreover, the central executive has the power to eliminate the hurdles that any centre agency finds to function with states.

Article 258 & 259 -

The Central power can entrust the governor or the officer of State either conditionally or unconditionally to do certain functions of the Union concerning any matter to which the executive power of State extends.

Article 260 -

This provision states that with agreement governed by the laws associating the exercise of a foreign jurisdiction with the other territory's Government, the Government of India can undertake legislative, executive, or judicial functions of the foreign territory.

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Article 261 -

This provision states that Indian citizens shall give full faith and credit throughout India's territory to public records, acts, and judicial proceedings of the Centre and States.

Article 262 -

This provision of Administrative Relations provides adjudication associated with any complaint or dispute relating to water. The Centre clears out all the disputes of States regarding water.

Article 263 -

According to this provision, The President may establish ISC (Inter-State Council) to inquire into, investigate, discuss and advise upon disputes between the States.

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Administrative Relations - Distribution of Executive Powers Between States And The Centre

The Constitution has distributed the executive power of Administrative Relations between the Centre and the State, which are the following -

  • The executive power of the Union extends across the whole country, where the executive power of States extends to matters where the State legislature has its legislative jurisdiction.
  • The Centre's executive power extends to the matters associated with the Union List, whereas States' power extends to the State List.
  • The Centre's executive power extends to exercising authority, jurisdiction, and rights conferred by any agreement and treaty.
  • When the Parliament and the State legislature have legislative power, the executive power belongs to the states, except parliamentary statute or Constitutional provision expressly placed in the Union.

Adjusting Administrative Relations between the Centre and the States is challenging in a federal system. But the Constitution of India is neither entirely federal nor unitary. Thus, the provisions of the Constitution help to quickly resolve the muddles and provide integration between the Centre and the State for a better running nation.

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FAQs on the Administrative Relations

Q1) What are Administrative Relations?

India's Constitution is based on the division of power and is divided into States and the Centre. Both have different legislative, administrative, and financial powers and Administrative Relations form the spirit of the federal structure.

Q2) What is Article 256 in Administrative Relations?

According to Article 256 of Administrative Relations, the executive power of states should not prejudice or impede the executive powers of the Centre, and States ensure compliance with the Parliament's laws.

Q3) What is Article 262 of Administrative Relations?

Article 262 of Administrative Relations provides adjudication associated with any complaint or dispute relating to water. The Centre clears out all the disputes of States regarding water.

Q4) What is Article 263 of Administrative Relations?

According to Article 263 of Administrative Relations, the President may establish ISC (Inter-State Council) to inquire into, investigate, discuss and advise upon disputes between the States.

Q5) Which Articles of the Indian Constitution discuss Administrative Relations?

The Constitution of India contains various provisions of Administrative Relations, which are from Article 256 to Article 263.