India State of Forest Report 2021

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 10, 2022, 5:13

Recently, the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) published the recent edition of India's State of Forest Report 2021. The document edition comprises extensive statistics and facts concerning the trees and forests existing within the Indian region.

Furthermore, this Indian state forest report further included the data for individual zones, states, and national levels. The first Indian forest report was published in 1987, and its 17th edition was published in 2021. Keep reading the article below to read more about the India State of Forest Report 2021 which will help you better prepare for your upcoming UPSC mains and prelims examination.

India State of Forest Report 2021 - Overview

The India State of Forest Report 2021 is documented by the Forest Survey of India (FSI) after extensive analysis, compilation, and data collection. Nevertheless, the Indian State of Forest report is not issued by the FSI (Forest Survey of India) but instead by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change (MoEFCC). In addition, this report gets issued every two years and got published in 2021 after 2019. Here are some significant features of the India State of Forest Report 2021.

The India State of Forest Report 2021 is based upon the analysis of three kinds of forests, namely:

  • Extremely Dense Forests (maintaining vegetation density of more than 70%)
  • Moderately Dense Forests (maintaining vegetation density between 40% and 70%)
  • Open Forests (maintaining vegetation density between 10% and 40%)

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India State of Forest Report 2021 Features

However, in forests where the vegetation density is less than 10%, the area is termed scrubs rather than forests. Some other features of the Indian State of Forest Report are as follows:

  1. For the first time, the Indian State of Forest report and survey have comprised Tiger Reserves, Gir Forest (the natural habitat of Asiatic Lions), and Tiger Corridors.
  2. Out of India's total 32 tiger reserves, forest cover has established a decadal growth in 20 tiger reserves, while the remaining ten forest reserves have reduced forest cover.
  3. Below are some tiger reserves in India that have undergone growth in forest cover -
    1. Indravati Tiger Reserve (Chhattisgarh)
    2. Buxa Tiger Reserve (West Bengal)
    3. Anamalai Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu)
  4. Here are some tiger reserves that have undergone loss in forest cover:
    1. Bhadra Tiger Reserve (Karnataka)
    2. Kawal Tiger Reserve (Telangana)
    3. Sunderbans Tiger Reserve (West Bengal)

As for the portion of the entire forest cover in the region, the Pakke Tiger Reserve of Arunachal Pradesh has witnessed a 97% forest cover record.

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About Difference Between Forest Area V/S Forest Cover

Any forested area defining the lawful standing of the area in the Government Records is known as Forest Area. On the other hand, the phrase Forest Cover can be any non-government identified area with forests. A tree cover is an area of more undersized dimensions than one hectare found outside the documented forest region. This area comprises trees of differing sizes and vegetation spread everywhere.

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FAQs on India State of Forest Report 2021

Q.1. Which edition of the India State of Forest Report 2021 was published recently?

The 17th edition of the India State of Forest Report was published in 2021.

Q.2. Which organization prepared the India State of Forest Report 2021?

The India State of Forest Report 2021 is documented by the Forest Survey of India (FSI) after extensive analysis, compilation, and data collection.

Q.3. What is the difference between forest area v/s forest cover included in the India State of Forest Report 2021?

Any forested area defining the lawful standing of the area in the Government Records is known as Forest Area. On the other hand, the phrase Forest Cover can be any non-government identified area with forests, is the difference between forest area v/s forest cover included in the India State of Forest Report 2021.

Q.4. How many tiger reserves witnessed growth as per the India State of Forest Report 2021?

As per the India State of Forest Report 2021, 20 tiger reserves witnessed growth.

Q.5. Which Indian ministry publishes the India State of Forest Report 2021?

The Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) publishes the India State of Forest Report 2021.