Battle of Haldighati [1576]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 18, 2022, 7:02

The epic Battle of Haldighati is seen as a defining moment in the history of the Rajputs. Fought on 18th June 1576, the battle was fought between the incomparable Hindu Rajput ruler, Maharana Pratap, and Man Singh I, who was the general of the Mughal realm driven by Akbar at that time. The battle is also remembered for being one of the shortest battles of all time as it lasted for just four hours.

Reason Behind Battle of Haldighati

Aside from Mewar, which was regarded as the leading state in Rajasthan, Akbar consistently settled his relationship with the greater part of the Rajput states after acceding the throne. The Rana of Mewar, who also led the renowned Sisodia clan, declined to submit to the Mughals.

Akbar sent diplomatic embassies to Rana Pratap to get him to submit as his vassal. Jalal Khan Qurchi, Man Singh of Amber, Raja Bhagwant Das, Amar Singh, and Toder Mal went to Rana Pratap as embassies, but all of them were unsuccessful in their mission. Enraged by all these futile attempts, Akbar declared war and this became the root cause of the Battle of Haldighati.

The motive behind all this was to take Mewar under his control. Other than the wish to settle this longstanding issue, Akbar also wanted the woody and hilly terrain of Mewar under his influence to secure lines of communication with Gujarat.

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Battle of Haldighati - Overview

Even though the Battle of Haldighati lasted for only four hours, it is one of the most crucial battles in Indian history.

The battle took place in Haldighati, a mountain pass in the Aravalli Range of Rajasthan in western India. It has been estimated that the leader of the Mughals, Raja Man Singh of Amber, commanded an army of 5,000-10,000 men.

Rana Pratap's army, on the other hand, included about 3,000 cavalry and 400 Bhil archers led by Punja, who was the tribal chief of Mirpur. Both sides had included war elephants for the battle, though the Rajputs bore no firearms.

Maharana Pratap had fewer resources, men, and allies for the war, which convinced Akbar that his victory would be inevitable. However, he wasn't aware of the strength, boldness, and fortitude that the small army of Bhils, Tanwars of Gwalior, and Rathores of Merta held.

It was an intense battle of 4 hours, and all the soldiers from both sides fought with great courage. The warrior, Rana, and his men made sure to investigate every possibility to defeat the opponent, but the Mughal's massive army outnumbered so many. The Mughal armed force lost 150 men, with another 350 injured.

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Result of the Battle of Haldighati

Eventually, the Mughals had the upper hand in the great battle but they failed to imprison Maharana Pratap, who managed to escape the battlefield. Rana's place was taken in the battle by a Jhala chieftain named Man Singh, who wore a portion of Rana's imperial symbols by which the Mughals confused him with the Rana.

Man Singh later was caught and killed for such an act, but his brave move helped Rana escape to the hills and gave him enough time to recover fully.

To this day, it is befuddling to decide who won the Battle of Haldighati but for Rajputs, it was a huge loss.

The historical importance of this battle is that it showcased the bravery of Rajputs and the small tribe of Bhils. It was a defining moment for Mughals too. This battle also shows the Rajputs' fortitude and true spirit to save the motherland.

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FAQs on the Battle of Haldighati

Q1. What is Battle of Haldighati famous for?

Haldighati is a historical place of Mewar in Rajasthan. It is a hill pass of the Aravalli mountains. Haldighati is popular for the Battle of Haldighati between Rana Pratap Singh of Mewar and Raja Man Singh of Amber.

Q2. Why is the Battle of Haldighati important?

The Battle of Haldighati was significant for the fearlessness shown by the Rajputs and the small tribe Bhils. Rana Pratap set a remarkable example of boldness and dauntlessness in the battle. It was a defining moment for the Mughals too. It was an intense battle, and both sides showed strong aversions.

Q3. How many Mughals died in the Battle of Haldighati?

According to Abul Fazl and Nizamuddin Ahmed, 150 Mughals met their end, and 350 were injured in the Battle of Haldighati.

Q4. Who won the Battle of Haldighati?

The victor of the four-hour-long Battle of Haldighati is as yet unclear as Mughals experienced heavy casualties and Maharana got away safe. While some accept that the Battle of Haldighati ended in a draw, many accept it was Akbar who emerged as the winner.