International Day of Democracy [15th September]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 29, 2022, 4:49

Democracy is the fundamental right of the people. The word democracy originates from the Greek word which means rule of the people. People of the country participate and are an integral part of the decision-making process. Freedom and equality are the two important pillars of democracy. These protect the rights of the people regardless of their age, gender, religion, or race. The International Day of Democracy is observed to highlight the importance and relevance of democracy.

History of the International Day of Democracy

The International Day of Democracy was established through the resolution passed in 2007 by the UN General Assembly. Although the resolution was passed in 2007, the thought of celebrating the International Day of Democracy was ideated in 1988. The President of the Philippines started the International Conferences on the New and Restored Democracies. In 2006, there were more discussions on the re-establishment of the fundamental principles of democracy during the ICNRD conference in Qatar. Since then, Qatar has been leading and promoting the resolution for recognizing the International Day of Democracy.

Significance of the International Day of Democracy

World Democracy Day is celebrated on September 15. This form of government is the most preferred as it ensures that the people of the country can relay their opinions through their elected representatives. International Day of Democracy was accepted after the United Nations passed it through a resolution in 2007. It was first celebrated in 2008.

World Democracy Day promotes the practice of democracy around the world. This involves complete participation and support of the people and governing bodies. The idea of the International Day of Democracy is based on the values of equality, freedom, and respect. It is an important day for highlighting the importance of participation and contribution to the democratic process. The United Nations announces a theme every year on the International Day of Democracy.

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Themes for International Day of Democracy (2008 to 2020)

Year

Theme

Additional Information and Events Organised

2008

Celebration of the First International Day of Democracy

  • The day marked the first year of celebrating the International Day of Democracy
  • Events included television programs in Namibia
  • Open doors day in Indonesia
  • Debates and exhibitions

2009

Democracy and Political Tolerance

  • Global online video competition
  • Over 900 contestants participated from 95 countries

2010

Democracy and Millenium Development Goals

  • UN General Assembly debate on the theme
  • The UN Democracy Fund reflected on the challenges and spoke on their commitment to UNDEF (United Nations Democracy Fund)

2011

Peace and Democracy: Make Your Voice Heard

  • Short film featuring
  • Traditional Peace Bell Ceremony

2012

Democracy Education

Citizens of the nation were made aware of democratic societies through questions like:

  • Why should I vote?
  • What are my rights?
  • How can I influence my leaders?

2013

Strengthening Voices for Democracy

Highlighting the importance of people's voices

2014

Engaging Young People in Democracy

Focused on challenges and opportunities of young people in the democratic process

International Day of Democracy was promoted in 162 countries through its parliament members

2015

Space for Civil Society

Discussions, debates, and video messages from the UN secretary

2016

Democracy and Sustainable Development: the 2030 Agenda

The day was dedicated to making plans for the development of sustainable goals for a better future

2017

In Defence of Democracy

The Inter-Parliamentary Union discussed international standards for guiding the parliaments, governments, and the people

2018

Athens Democracy Forum

The UN Democracy Fund organized the forum

2019

Inclusion and Participation: Foundation of Democracy

  • Video message from Mr Antonio Guterres, UN Secretary-General
  • Presentations
  • The event included panel presentations and discussions that closely looked into the participation and inclusion of all

2020

Democracy Day Amidst the Pandemic

Online Event

Democracy is the most preferred type of governance. The United Nations tries to emphasize the importance and adoption of democracy through World Democracy Day.

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FAQs on International Day of Democracy

Q.1. International Day of Democracy falls on which date and month?

The date and month for the celebration of International Day of Democracy are 15th September.

Q.2. When was the International Day of Democracy first celebrated, and who passed it?

International Day of Democracy was first celebrated in 2008 and passed through the United Nations in 2007.

Q.3. Why is International Day of Democracy celebrated?

International Day of Democracy is celebrated to recognize the importance of democracy and encourage governments worldwide to adopt democracy.

Q.4. How is International Day of Democracy celebrated?

The International Day of Democracy is celebrated by carrying out worldwide conferences, debates, discussions, and competitions that highlight the importance of democracy.

Q.5. What are the values embedded in the celebration of the International Day of Democracy?

The values embedded in the celebration of International Day of Democracy include equality, respect for all, freedom to express, and elimination of misinformation and inequality in political and economic circles.