Abdur Razzaq Traveller [1413 - 1482]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Sep 14, 2022, 8:31

Abdur Razzaq traveller was a Persian scholar, and historian known for his writings about Calicut's history, society, and culture. He served as the ambassador of Shah Rukh, the Timurid dynasty ruler of Persia, who sent him to Kozhikode, India, from January 1442 to January 1445. He wrote about his travel to India in a 45-page travelogue. Some facts about Abdur Razzaq traveller are given below:

  • Abdur Razzak wrote about his travel, including his travel to Calicut in India.
  • His 45-page travelogue captures the details of everyday life and culture in Calicut.
  • In the travelogue, we writes about the Zamorin administration in India.
  • He also writes about the grand city of Vijayanagara in Hampi.
  • In his travel accounts, Abdur Razzak traveller also wrote about the 15th-century trade in the Indian Ocean.

Abdur Razzak Traveller Book

Abdur Razzaq traveller wrote his 450-page book, Matla-us-Sadain wa Majma-ul-Bahrain, a chronicle of the history of the world from 1304 to 1470. Find out more details about this book in the points given below:

  • The book's title, “Matla-us-Sadain wa Majma-ul-Bahrain,” translates to “The Rise of the Two auspicious constellations and the Confluence of the Two Oceans.”
  • His book contains a 45-page account of his travel to India between January 1442 to January 1445.
  • Abdur Razzak Traveller wrote about his life and events in Calicut during the reign of the Zamorin (King Samudri of Kozhikode in Kerala) in his book.
  • While his book contains some original accounts, much of the book's content is borrowed from other writings.

Abdur Razzaq Traveller History

Abdur Razzaq Persian traveller was born on November 7, 1413, in Herat (now in Afghanistan) as son of Jalal-ud-Din Ishaq. Jalal-ud-Din was a qazi and imam in King Shah Rukh's court. Abdur was appointed as the ambassador of Shah Rukh, and was sent to various missions. Here is some information about Abdur Razzaq traveller:

Name

Abdur Razzaq Samarqandi

Profession

Scholar, Historian, Writer

Book Name

Matla-us-Sadain wa Majma-ul-Bahrain

One of the missions that Abdur was sent in was to Kozhikode, India. During his visit, Abdur Razzaq traveller witnessed several political and military events in Herat and Samarqand closely. He wrote about these events, and the glorious Zamorin administration in his 45-page travel account. Abdur included this account in a full-fledged book about the history of the world, Matla-us-Sadain wa Majma-ul-Bahrain.

Abdur Razzaq Traveller - Journey

Abdur Razzaq traveller was a Persian Islamic scholar and Timurid chronicler who travelled to the Vijaynagar Kingdom during the reign of Deva Raya II of the Sangama dynasty. The following are some essential facts about him:

  • In 1441, Shah Rukh of Persia dispatched Kamal-ud-din Abdur Razzak traveller, as an emissary on a three-year mission, most of which he spent at the court of the Zamorin of Calicut (King Samudri of Kozhikode in Kerala).
  • Abdur Razzaq was hesitant to set out on a journey and ventured out only at the behest of the Monarch. He left Herat in January 1442.
  • He was at sea for a total of seventy-five days and never ventured out to travel again after that.
  • After battling the perils at sea, Abdur landed in Muscat for safety, travelled to Kariat, became seriously ill due to the heat, but eventually recovered enough to embark on an 18-day voyage to Calicut in Southwest India.
  • He was not impressed by the Calicut natives, whom he described as scantily clad and practicing polyandry. His stay in Calicut was brief because the Vijayanagar King had invited him to his kingdom.
  • He arrived in Vijayanagar after passing through Mangalore.
  • He chronicled his travels in the book, Matla-us-Sadain wa Majma-ul-Bahrain or The Rising of Two Auspicious Constellations and the Meeting of Two Oceans.

When Did Abdur Razzaq Traveller Visit India?

Abdur Razzaq traveller was the Iranian ambassador to the Deccan (southern India). He visited India from January 1442 to January 1445. He stayed with Deva Raya II, the finest king of the Sangama dynasty, who ruled the ancient city of Vijayanagara. After completing his year-long stay at the court of the Raja of Vijaynagar in Hampi, Abdur Razzak traveller left the city.

After leaving Hampi, Abdur Razzaq 18 days to Mangalore, then to Kalahat, Muscat, Khorfakkan, and finally to the port of Hurmuz. After his travel to India, Abdur Razzaq persian traveller wrote about his experiences and the administration and culture in India in a 45-page travelgoue. This travelogue was made part of a book, Matla-us-Sadain wa Majma-ul-Bahrain or The Rising of Two Auspicious Constellations and the Meeting of Two Oceans

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FAQs on Abdur Razzaq Traveller

Q.1. Who was Abdur Razzaq Traveller?

Abdur Razzaq traveller was an Islamic scholar and historian who travelled to India during the reign of Deva Raya II, the finest king of the Sangama dynasty. He was the Persian ambassador for King Shah Rukh to India.

Q.2. Which country did Abdur Razzaq travel from?

Abdur Razzaq traveller came from the country of Persia (modern-day Iran). He was the ambassador of King Shah Rukh and stayed in India from 1442 to 1445.

Q.3. What was the name of Abdur Razzaq's book?

Abdur Razzaq’s book was named Matla-us-Sadain wa Majma-ul-Bahrain or The Rising of Two Auspicious Constellations and the Meeting of Two Oceans. He wrote this 450-page book about the history of the world from 1304 to 1470.

Q.4. Abdur Razzaq visited India during the reign of?

Abdur Razzaq traveller visited India during the reign of Deva Raya II, the finest king of the Sangama dynasty. He stayed in India from January 1442 to 1445 and wrote about his experiences in a 45-page travelogue.