National Dengue Day: Check Meaning, Symptoms and Preventive Measures

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jan 11, 2022, 9:48

National Dengue Day, 16th May, is an initiative by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to raise awareness about dengue in India. On this day, aside from the symptoms and signs of dengue, measures to prevent the disease and the government's plan to control its spread before widespread transmission are also discussed and shared. 

According to the World Health Organization, globally, dengue incidences have risen exponentially, and about half of the world's population is at risk. The organization also estimates 100-400 million cases of infections each year globally. 

Dengue: Meaning, Symptoms and Preventive Measures

  • Dengue is a viral disease caused by the dengue virus transmitted by the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito.
  • Around one in four people infected with dengue are likely to get sick. The symptoms for such people may be mild or severe and usually develop 3-14 days after the bite.
  • The most common symptom of dengue is fever. Some others include nausea, vomiting, rashes, aches, and pain. The symptoms last 2-7 days, with most people recovering after about a week. 
  • People infected with dengue must rest as much as possible, drink plenty of fluids, and take paracetamol to control fever and relieve pain.
  • It is important to note that about 1 in 20 people who get sick with dengue will develop severe dengue. The symptoms of severe dengue manifest in the 24-48 hours post fever and include belly pain, tenderness, vomiting, bleeding from the nose and gums, and even blood in the stool. The patient might also experience fatigue, restlessness, and irritability.

Dengue is a potentially fatal disease often found in tropical and sub-tropical climates worldwide, mostly in urban and semi-urban areas. With the current pandemic in full force, it has become essential for serious measures to prevent a concurrent outbreak of dengue. In November 2021, dengue cases spiked to an all-time high of 16,129 in Punjab. Dengue has a seasonal pattern with cases surging in the monsoon period and from July to November. As such, timely preventive measures will ensure the healthcare system already burdened is not affected by a deluge of dengue cases.

Government-mandated days like National Dengue Day are an excellent opportunity to spread awareness regarding preventive measures that citizens can take. Some include boosting the immune system through exercise, yoga, and healthy eating. Other practical preventive measures include mosquito repellant creams, mosquito repellant sprays, mosquito patches, protective clothing, and electronic vaporizers. Aside from these measures, people must clean their surroundings and keep a lookout for breeding grounds like stagnant pools of water or unclean floors.

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FAQs about National Dengue Day

  • What is National Dengue Day?

The National Dengue Day in India, also called Dengue Prevention Day, is a day designated by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India to spread awareness about the disease and intensify preventive measures.

  • On what date is National Dengue Day observed?

Anti Dengue Day is observed every year on 16th May.

  • What causes dengue?

Dengue fever is caused by one of four dengue viruses that are spread through mosquito bites. The two mosquitoes that are the primary transmitters of the virus are common in and around human lodgings.

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Neha DhyaniNeha DhyaniMember since Jul 2017
An IT engineer turned Writer, Neha is a versatile content creator at ‘Gradeup’, who covers news and top stories of the education sector. She has been in the industry since 2015. She is passionate about her work, however, when she isn’t crafting content, she’s probably reading, playing badminton, watching YouTube or just lazing around. Her email address is