Assam-Mizoram Border Dispute

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 22, 2022, 13:09

Since the British colonial era, the Assam-Mizoram Border Dispute has become an everyday affair. According to an agreement between the governments of Assam and Mizoram some years ago, the status quo should be kept in no man's land in the border area.

However, the people from Lailapur broke this status quo and allegedly constructed some temporary huts. This dispute became a conflict after the people from Mizoram set fire to them.

History of the Assam Mizoram Border Dispute

  • Back in the British era, in August 1857, the British drew a boundary between the Lushai Hills (which is now in Mizoram) and the Cacher plains (which is now in Assam). The people of Mizoram accepted this boundary.
  • However, a conflict arose when Mizoram officials refused to acknowledge the notification of 1933. The notification defined and separated all the boundaries in northeast India without consulting the Mizoram officials.
  • In 1972, the Indian Government made Assam and Mizoram a Union territory, and in 1987 made it a state. This notification resulted in sharing a boundary of 164 km between the districts of Assam and Mizoram. Both the states kept accusing each other of usurping their land.
  • Formation of the first skirmish between the people of Mizoram and Assam in 1994. Despite numerous discussions held by the Central Government to end the dispute. However, the hostility continued.
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Major Causes of the Assam Mizoram Border Dispute

The root cause of the Assam-Mizoram Border Dispute include:

  • Assam claims that Mizoram has trespassed on their claimed border. On the contrary, Mizoram accuses Assam of their unilateral movement inside their territory.
  • Both States Government-appointed officials, including Assam's Chief Minister, under several sections of the Indian Penal Code in order to resolve this conflict.
  • The Assam Government recommends its citizens avoid travelling to Mizoram. Furthermore, the Government asked their citizens living in Mizoram to maintain utmost vigilance.
  • Mizoram accuses Assam as a culprit in obstructing NH-306 and removing railway tracks. The jamming of NH-306 resulted in an economic blockade for Mizoram.

Why is Assam Mizoram Border Dispute in the News?

The Assam Mizoram Border Dispute has become an everyday affair consisting of clashing disputes between Assam and Mizoram for their old boundary. The violent clash of Assam and Mizoram Border Dispute resulted in the death of at least five Assam Police personnel.

The fire incident of a betel nut plantation and a farm hut belonging to two Mizoram residents make it a considerable discussion. Some people from Lailapur became violent against Mizoram Police personnel and threw stones at Mizoram residents in Cacher.

Assam Mizoram Border Dispute - Things to Resolve

Both states must come forward proactively to settle Assam Mizoram Border Dispute by forming a committee. The committee must consider the states' local leaders and chiefs and make their recommendations obligatory.

The Assam-Mizoram Border Dispute requires a proper solution based on facts and people's sentiments. The stakeholders from both sides should be consulted. Satellite mapping can help find the exact disputed reason and solution. Zonal council help can also become a means to find a solution.

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FAQs on Assam Mizoram Border Dispute

Q.1) What is the foremost cause of the Assam Mizoram Border Dispute?

The foremost cause of the Assam Mizoram Border Dispute is that Assam claims that Mizoram has trespassed on their claimed border. On the contrary, Mizoram accuses Assam of their unilateral movement inside their territory.

Q.2) What steps did Assam and Mizoram take to solve the Assam Mizoram Border Dispute?

Both States Government-appointed officials, including Assam's Chief Minister, under several sections of the Indian Penal Code in order to resolve the Assam Mizoram Border Dispute.

Q.3) What is the fallout of the Assam Mizoram Border Dispute?

Mizoram accuses Assam as a culprit in obstructing NH-306 and removing railway tracks. The jamming of NH-306 resulted in an economic blockade for Mizoram. This is the fallout of the Assam Mizoram Border Dispute.

Q.4) How can the Assam Mizoram Border Dispute be resolved?

The Assam Mizoram Border Dispute requires a proper solution based on facts and people's sentiments. The stakeholders from both sides should be consulted. Satellite mapping can help find the exact disputed reason and solution.

Q.5) Has the Assam Mizoram Border Dispute led to any fatalities?

The violent clashes of the Assam Mizoram Border Dispute have resulted in the death of at least five Assam Police personnel.