XAT Decision Making Preparation 2023: Question Types, Format and Expert's Tip

By Anjali Chowdhury|Updated : September 28th, 2022

XAT Decision Making (DM) is an important section consisting of behavioral, managerial, and mathematical questions. It is one of the scoring sections if the candidates understand the concept of XAT Decision Making Questions and answer them correctly. This question can work for or against you and does not test your theoretical knowledge. XAT Decision Making section basically inquires about the basic hypotheses of your thinking and your capability to apprehend real-world situations, followed by leadership skills and ethics.

In this article, BYJU&'S Exam Prep experts have given a detailed analysis of the XAT Decision Making section, including the question types, books to follow, and preparation tips.

Table of Content

What is XAT Decision Making?

The Decision Making section of XAT is entirely a different section as compared to other MBA Entrance Exams. The questions of this section are basically long passages like in Reading Comprehension passages, and they are related to logical and managerial concepts. The passages of the XAT Decision Making are mainly ethical, management, and human dilemma based. The candidates must have interpretive and analytical skills to answer the XAT DM questions. This section consists of 21 questions (7 sets of 3 questions each) having a negative marking of 0.25 marks for each incorrect answer. The XAT Decision Making section has a sectional XAT Cut Off for both HRM and BM courses; however, there is no individual sectional time limit.

The XAT Decision Making Questions test candidates' skills on:

  • How they are making subjective decisions rather than the objectives
  • How they are making the business decisions considering their personal and professional life
  • Are their decisions have any ethics?

Topics to be Covered in Decision Making Section in XAT

While preparing for the XAT Decision Making section, the candidates must be focused on the below-mentioned topics.

  • Arithmetic
  • Analytical reasoning
  • Situational
  • Data arrangement
  • Conditions and grouping test
  • RC Passage
  • Caselets
  • Situation-based decision making

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Classification of XAT Decision Making Questions

There are mainly 3 types of questions that are seen in XAT DM They are:

  • Mathematical questions: These questions are often based on DI and LR sets.
  • Behavioral and managerial questions: These questions are based on situations where multiple problems arise and have to be addressed. In includes:
    • Ethical Conundrums
    • Social and Professional Scenarios
    • Business Issues
  • Camouflaged: These questions contain a lot of data in terms of percentage, but the calculation is easy.

Below is the list of topics from which questions were asked in the XAT Decision Making section in the last year.

  • Research in Engg. College by Teachers
  • School Fees issue due to COVID
  • Construction of a bridge in the village
  • The assignment is given to students
  • Resident Scientists in a PSU
  • Old SUV of the doctor
  • Dosa Seller in front of the hospital

Question Format for XAT Decision Making

Below is the list of question formats in which the Decision Making questions in XAT are asked

  • Single Question Prompts: These are the critical reasoning questions, where a single paragraph is given, followed by 1 question only.
  • 2-3 Questions per Prompt: These questions contain a moderate prompt followed by 2-3 XAT Decision Making questions.
  • 4-5 Questions per Prompt: These are the long caselets problem, followed by 4 to 5 questions.

Candidates must acquaint themselves with the below terms to manage XAT Decision Making section better:

  • Premise: A prior statement from which other is suspected or an underlying presumption
  • Assumption: Something that can be considered as true.
  • Fact: The information that is verified.
  • Proposition: A assertion that saying judgment or offered for review
  • Inference: A decision that is made based on the facts and evidence.
  • Inductive: Using mathematical logic by the conception of general laws
  • Deductive: Something that can be verified by emanating decisions using a logic
  • Reason: A explanation, reason, or justification for any action
  • Conclusion: Fact that is drawn from an overview of several happenings

Decision Making XAT Tips from Experts

Candidates need to develop logical and critical reasoning skills to ace the XAT Decision Making. Here are a few tips that would help you improve your DM skills.

  • First and foremost, candidates need to comprehend the XAT Syllabus and pattern of the XAT Decision Making section.
  • After viewing the syllabus and the weightage of the topics, prepare a proper timetable according to the topics that carry the most weightage in XAT Decision Making Questions.
  • Refer to best study material either via coaching institutes or through online sites.
  • Spend a minimum of half a month on a particular topic. After finishing a topic, practice questions related to it. This would create a strong base for Decision Making Questions in XAT,
  • Start practicing questions from XAT Previous Years Papers of the past 10 years
  • Try to analyze your mistakes while solving the questions from XAT Decision Making.
  • Avoid your personal viewpoints: Don't involve your personal opinion between the question and answer. Imagine yourself as an entrepreneur, think according to it, and solve XAT Decision Making questions.
  • Also, in a few questions, opinions are stated as facts, so do not get swayed by the words and answer the questions without having emotions.
  • Try solving as many questions as possible in the XAT DM section. This would enhance your approach to solving the questions.
  • Adhere to the negative marking of 0.25 marks for each incorrect. So, solve only those XAT Decision Making questions in which you are absolutely sure about it.
  • Also, do a regular revision of the topics by referring to the notes you made earlier to clarify your concepts.

Approach to Solve XAT Decision Making Questions

There is 5 steps approach that usually works for decision-making XAT questions. These steps are:

  • Read the Case - Review the case study carefully and gather its main points.
  • Reading the Questions - Read all the questions given in XAT Decision Making. It will help you encounter the correct answers.
  • Analyze - This is the most important part of solving problems because there is no answer which is completely correct or incorrect. The answers can be either reasonable or more ethical than others and confuse candidates' minds.
  • Option Elimination - There will be slight distinctions in the answers, which you must observe and analyze. You must now answer any question in XAT Decision Making without observing the answers.
  • Verification - Always verify your answer. Often candidates can come down to two options that appear to be equally valid. In such a scenario, choose the more ideal one rather than the practical one. Also Check: XAT Eligibility

XAT Decision Making: Important Points to be Noted

In order to solve Decision Making questions in XAT, you must keep the below points in mind.

  • Stakeholder establishment in the given problem
  • Analyze every XAT Decision Making problem holistically.
  • Take the decision to maximize the benefits
  • Always avoid personal opinion
  • Never adopt any type of unethical practices
  • Make sure that you are not missing anything


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FAQs on XAT Decision Making

  • The difficulty level of XAT Decision Making is usually moderate. The questions are generally asked from the below-mentioned topics: 

    • Data arrangement 
    • Inference and judgment
    • Ethical dilemmas
    • Business decision making
    • Situational decision making
  • The maximum number of questions asked in XAT Decision Making is 21. It is one of the most important sections in the XAT Exam.

  • There is no sectional time limit in the Decision Making Section of XAT 2023. The total duration of time to attempt the first three sections of XAT 2022, i.e., DM, QA-DI, V-LA, is 165 minutes. Therefore, candidates can switch over the questions within 165 minutes.

  • For every correct answer in the XAT Decision Making section, one mark is awarded to the candidate, and for each wrong, 0.25 is deducted. So, candidates are advised to attempt the questions cautiously.

  • A good attempt mainly depends on the difficulty level of the paper. As per the previous year's trends, attempting 13-15 questions with accuracy can be considered as a good attempted question.

  • No, the XAT Decision Making section is very easy. The candidates need to understand the concept of the given question and have to answer them by applying their leadership and managerial knowledge.

  • You must solve XAT Decision Making Questions in the below way

    • Read the questions first
    • Analyses the problem
    • Never give your personal opinion
    • Verify your answer with the problem

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