Write the general electronic configuration of s, p, d, and f block elements.

By Ritesh|Updated : November 9th, 2022

The general electronic configuration of s-block elements is ns(1-2), p-block elements is ns2np1-6, d-block elements is (n - 1)d(1-10) ns(1-2) and f-block elements is (n - 2)f0-14 (n - 1)d(0-10) ns2. The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons in atom orbitals using fundamental concepts like the Aufbau and Pauli exclusion laws.

s-block elements

  • The general electronic configuration of s- the block element is ns(1-2).
  • The periodic table's left-hand corner contains the s-block elements, which have outside electrons in s-orbitals.
  • S-block elements are the members of groups 1 and 2.

p-block elements

  • The general electronic configuration of p-block elements is ns2np1-6.
  • The outer electrons of the p-block elements, which are located in the periodic table's right-hand corner, are in p-orbitals.
  • P-block components are part of groups 13–18.

d-block elements

  • The general electronic configuration of d - block element is (n - 1)d(1-10) ns(1-2)
  • The center of the periodic table is occupied by the d-block elements, which have outer electrons in d-orbitals.
  • D-block components make up a group in the center.

f-block elements

  • The general electronic configuration of the f-block element is (n - 2)f0-14 (n - 1)d(0-10) ns2
  • The bottom row of the periodic table contains the f-block elements, which have outside electrons in f-orbitals.
  • The periodic table's bottom row includes these elements.

Summary:

Write the general electronic configuration of s, p, d, and f block elements.

The general electronic configuration of s-block elements is ns(1-2), p-block elements is ns2np1-6, d-block elements is (n - 1)d(1-10) ns(1-2) and f-block elements is (n - 2)f0-14 (n - 1)d(0-10) ns2. It is the electron distribution in the orbital of the same atoms with the help of principles like the Aufbau and Pauli exclusion principle.

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