Himadri, Himachal, and Shivalik ranges are three parallel Himalayan ranges. While the highest Himalayan peaks are located in the Himadri region, Himachal is the middle Himalayan range, and Shivalik is the lowest Himalayan range. Here, we have listed down the differences between Himadri, Himachal, and Shivalik ranges:
It is the uppermost range of the Himalayan mountains, often referred to as the Greater Himalayas.
It is the middle Himayalan range, lying south of the Himadri range. It is referred to as Lesser Himalayas.
It is the outermost Himalayan range, called the Outer Himalayas.
Located at an average height of about 6000 meters from sea level.
Located at an average height of 3700-4500 meters above sea level.
Located at an average height of 900-1100 meters above sea level.
Peaks such as Kanchenjunga and K2 are located here.
Popular hill stations like Shimla, Kullu Valley, Mussorie, etc., are a part of this range.
The 'duns' like Dehradun, Kotli Dun, and Patli Dun lie in the Shivalik range.
The Himadri range comprises granite as its core.
The Himachal range is made up of compressed rocks.
This mountain range is made up of unconsolidated sediments, gravel, and alluvium.
Differences Between Himadri, Himachal, and Shivalik Ranges
The Himadri, Himachal, and Shivalik ranges are located on different levels of the Himalayan range. Himadri is the uppermost range and is known as the Greater Himalayas. Himachal is the middle range, known by the name of the Lesser Himalayas. The Shivalik range is the outermost Himalayan range and goes by the name of Outer Himalayas.
These mountain ranges differ in the fact that Himadri is the uppermost mountain range, Himachal is the middle range, and Shivalik range is the outermost mountain range of the Himalayan mountains.
The highest Himalayan range si the Himadri mountains, which consist of peaks like Kanchenjunga, and K2. The Himadri range is followed by the Middle Himalayas or Himachal, and then by the lowest range of Shivaliks.