Write the Difference Between Horizontal and Vertical Power Sharing in Modern Democracies

By K Balaji|Updated : September 8th, 2022

Power Sharing forms the very spirit of democracy. Power Sharing is the process of distributing power amongst different parts of the government. In Horizontal Power Sharing, power is shared among different organs of government, like the legislature, executive, and judiciary. Vertical Power Sharing is where the power is shared among different levels of government, such as Union, State, and local government.

Difference Between Horizontal and Vertical Power Sharing

The difference between horizontal and vertical power sharing are mentioned below:

Horizontal Power Sharing

Vertical Power Sharing

It is among different organs of government, like the legislature, executive, and judiciary.


The government organs work at the same levels to exercise varied powers.


It promotes the concept of expansion of democracy.

It is among different levels of government, such as Union, State, and local government.


In vertical, powers of different levels of the government are mentioned by the Indian Constitution.


It promotes the concept of deepening democracy.

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FAQs

  • Horizontal distribution of power refers to the sharing of power among the various organs in the governments, such as legislatures, the executive, and the judiciary.

  • Vertical division of power is the power-sharing among governments at different levels. In India, there are three levels of government- Central Government/Union Government, State Governments, and Local self-government.

  • The advantage of horizontal power-sharing is that it enables different organs of government of the same level to execute different powers. The horizontal power sharing also prevents misuse of power, creating a check & balance.

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