Write Short Notes on Island Groups of India

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The island groups of India are Andaman and Nicobar islands to the southeast and southwest of the mainland and Lakshadweep islands in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea respectively. In India, there are a total of 1,382 islands (including uninhabited ones). The two island neighbouring countries of India are Sri Lanka and the Maldives. 

Strategic Importance of Islands in India

The strategic importance of the Islands in India is given below:

  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands (ANI) in the Bay of Bengal account for 30 percent of India’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
  • The location of the Nicobar island gives India an advantage over the Straits of Malacca for trade and the movement of oil.
  • Andaman and Nicobar island is labeled ‘unsinkable aircraft carrier’.
  • The islands in India have the potential to boost the economy through tourism, fisheries, forests, etc.
  • The islands provide future benefits from undersea mining and potential oil and gas.

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FAQs

  • Andaman and Nicobar islands and Lakshadweep islands are the two Island groups of India. Andaman and Nicobar islands are located to the southeast and southwest of the mainland in the Bay of Bengal. Lakshadweep island is situated in the Arabian Sea.

  • The significance of Island groups of India is they account for 30 percent of India’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), provide an advantage over the Straits of Malacca for trade and oil supply, can boost the Indian economy, etc.

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