Write a Balanced Chemical Equation and State Symbols for the Reaction: Sodium Hydroxide Solution (in Water) Reacts With Hydrochloric Acid Solution (in Water) to Produce Sodium Chloride Solution and Water.

By K Balaji|Updated : November 9th, 2022

The required balanced chemical equation is NaOH(aq) + HCl(aq) → NaCl(aq) + H2O(l)

Balanced chemical equation:

  • A chemical equation is said to be balanced if it has an equal number of atoms on both the reactant and product sides.
  • The conservation of mass and momentum is observed.

Reaction:

When a base in water, sodium hydroxide, combines with an acid, hydrochloric acid, the result is sodium chloride and water.

NaOH(aq) + HCl(aq) → NaCl(aq) + H2O(l)

This is a balanced equation since both the reactant and product sides have an equal amount of atoms.

ElementReactantProduct
Na11
O11
H22
Cl11

Salts of sodium chloride and water are produced by the reaction of sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid.

When an acid and a base mix to form salt and water, this is referred to as a neutralisation reaction.

Safety measures of Sodium Hydroxide

  1. Refrain from touching your skin, eyes, or clothing.
  2. It is not advisable to breathe in gases, fumes, dust, mist, vapour, or aerosols.
  3. Put on clothing, gloves, and safety glasses.
  4. Acids must never be combined. When handling chemicals, refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, and using personal goods.

Summary:-

Write a Balanced Chemical Equation and State Symbols for the Reaction: Sodium Hydroxide Solution (in Water) Reacts With Hydrochloric Acid Solution (in Water) to Produce Sodium Chloride Solution and Water.

A balanced chemical equation with state symbols for the reaction Sodium hydroxide solution in water reacts with a hydrochloric acid solution to produce Sodium chloride solution and water is NaOH(aq) + HCl(aq) → NaCl(aq) + H2O(l)

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