World Geography Study Notes 2022: List of Mountain Ranges, Rivers and Lakes

By Ashwini Shivhare|Updated : August 7th, 2022

World Geography Study Notes: In this article, we are sharing a List of Mountain Ranges, Rivers and Lakes of the World. These notes are very significant for the upcoming SSC and Railway Exams. Candidates must revise these notes before the exam. Let's start without much ado !!!

World Geography: Mountain Ranges, Rivers and Lakes

1. Important Mountain Ranges And Peaks of the World

The most important Mountain Ranges And Peaks of the World are tabulated below. Candidates can refer to the data to score maximum in the Geography section for the upcoming SSC and Railways exam. 

Sr. No.

Mountain Range

Important/Highest Peaks

Location

Description

1.

 

Rocky Mountains

Mt. Elbert (highest peak in the Rockies)

North America

It is one of the longest fold mountains in the world and extends from Canada to Western US (New Mexico State)

2.

Appalachian Mountains

Mt. Mitchell, North Carolina, US (highest peak of Appalachian Mountains)

North America

It is a fold mountain with rich in mineral resources

3.

Alps

Mont Blanc (French–Italian border)

Europe

It is a folded mountain and source for rivers like Danube, Rhine, etc.

4.

Sierra Nevada

Mt. Whitney

California, USA

Habitat for many Red Indian tribes

5.

Alaska Range

Mt. McKinley

North America

Mt. McKinley highest peak in North America

6.

Altai Mountains

Belukha mountain

Central Asia

Young folded mountain which extends from Kazakhstan to northern China.

7.

Andes Mountains

Mt. Aconcagua

South America

Longest mountain chain in the world

8.

Atlas Mountains

Mt. Toubkal

Northwestern Africa

Young fold mountain spreading over Morocco and Tunisia.

9.

Drakensberg Mountains

Mt. Lesotho

South Africa

Young folded mountain

10.

Caucasus Mountain

Mt. Elbrus

Europe

Located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea

2. List of Important Rivers of the World

Below is the list of the most important rivers in the world. Nowadays there are many questions asked in the Government exams from this section. Please refer to the data for complete information. 

Sr. No.

RIVER

LOCATION

DESCRIPTION

1.

River Amazon

South America

It is the second longest river which flows through Peru, Columbia, Brazil and drains into the Atlantic Ocean.

2.

River Mississippi

North America

It forms a bird-foot like a delta at the Gulf of Mexico, River Missouri is an important tributary of it.

3.

River St. Lawrence

North America

It drains into the Gulf of St. Lawrence which is an important transport corridor of North America.

4.

River Orange

South Africa

The longest river of South Africa and contains diamond beds along its mouth.

5.

River Congo

Africa

This river crosses the equator twice and drains into the south Atlantic Ocean.

6.

River Nile

Africa

It is the longest river in the world, originates near Lake Victoria and drains in the Mediterranean Sea.

7.

River Rhine

Western Europe

It flows through Germany and the Netherlands. It is one of the busiest waterways of Europe.

8.

River Danube

Europe

It passes through Germany, Hungary, Austria, Slovakia, Serbia, Romania and drains into the Black Sea.

9.

River Volga

Europe, Russia

It is the longest river in Europe, it drains into the Caspian Sea.

10.

River Tigris

Turkey, Iraq

Cities like Mosul, Baghdad, Basra were located along its banks and it drains into the Gulf of Persia.

11.

River Euphrates

Turkey, Syria, Iraq

The main source of water for Syria. It drains into the Persian Gulf.

12.

River Irrawaddy

Myanmar

Drains into Gulf of Martaban

13.

River Mekong

China, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam

It is also called ‘Danube of the east’, and it merges with the south china sea.

14.

River Yangtze

China

It originates from the Tibetan plateau and ends in the east china sea. It is the longest river in China.

3. Important Lakes of The World

The list of the most important lakes is provided below along with their location and facts. This is a topic of utmost importance for the upcoming SSC and Railways Exams 2022.

Sr. No.

NAME

LOCATION

FACTS

1.

Titicaca lake

South America

It is the highest navigable lake in the world located in the Andes mountains.

2.

Great bear lake

Canada, North America

It is a big glaciated lake in Canada. The Eskimos of Canada camp here during the summer season.

3.

Great lakes

North America

This comprises of five large lakes of North America such as Lake Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, Ontario. Lake Superior is the second largest lake in the world.

4.

Lake Malawi

Central Africa

It is the third largest lake of Africa and borders Tanzania, Mozambique.

5.

Lake Tanganyika

East Africa

It is the deepest and second largest lake in Africa.

6.

Lake Victoria

Africa

The largest river of Africa and passes through the equator.

7.

Lake Kainji

Africa

Largest manmade lake of Africa, used for irrigation purposes.

8.

Dead sea

West Asia

It is bordered by Jordan in the east and Palestine, Israel in the west. It is known for high salinity.

9.

Aral Sea

Central Asia

Located between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. It is shrinking rapidly in recent years.

10.

Lake Baikal

Russia

It is the largest freshwater lake in Asia and deepest in the world.

11.

Caspian Sea

Eurasia

It is the largest lake in the world and is surrounded by Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran and Azerbaijan.

World Geography: Mountain Ranges, Rivers and Lakes: Download PDF

विश्व भूगोल: पर्वतीय श्रृंखलाएं, चोटियां, नदियां, झीलें: PDF

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