World Geography Questions and Answers PDF! World Geography is a very important topic for aspirants who are preparing for UPSC, State PCS and other government exams. World Geography mainly consists of Physical and Political Geography. In this article, we will provide you with "World Geography Questions and Answers PDF in Hindi & English".
World Geography Questions and Answers
- How much per cent of the land area of the earth does the continent of Africa occupy?
Answer: 20 per cent of the land area of the earth
- Of all the continents on the Earth, which continent is the most tropical?
- Africa is separated from Europe and Asia by which waterbodies?
Answer: Europe - Mediterranean Sea; Asia - The Red Sea
- Which is the highest peak in Africa?
Answer: Mount Kilimanjaro (5895 metres above sea level)
- Which lake in Africa is the source of river Nile?
Answer: Lake Victoria (Largest lake of Africa)
- On which rivers are the Dams viz. Kariba Dam, Aswan Dam, Kainji Dam situated?
Answer: Kariba Dam on the River Zambezi; Aswan Dam on the River Nile; Kainji Dam on the River Niger
- Which country of Africa is often referred to as the 'Gigantic Zoo' because of its vast variety of wildlife?
Answer: Democratic Republic of Congo
- Which river of Africa passes from / crosses the Equator twice?
Answer: River Congo
- The country of Nigeria is named after which important river?
Answer: River Niger
- Egyptian farmer is called?
- In which year, the Suez Canal was opened for voyages?
- The plateau region of South Africa is covered with grasses called 'the veld'. What is the meaning of Veld?
Answer: Veld means 'field' in the Dutch language
- What was the policy of complete segregation of the non-white people in every sphere of life - political, economic and social in South Africa known as?
Answer: Policy was known as Apartheid
- Which is the fourth largest continent of the Earth?
Answer: South America
- Which landmasses are combined known as Latin America?
Answer: South America, Central America, Mexico and the West Indies
- Name the two landlocked countries of South America?
Answer: Bolivia; Paraguay
- Which are the physical divisions of South America?
Answer: The Western Coastal Strip; The Western Mountains; The Central Plains; The Eastern Highlands
- Name the second highest mountain system of the world after the Himalayas.
Answer: The Andes
- Which is the highest active volcano in the world?
Answer: Cotopaxi in Ecuador
- Name the palm tree of Brazil which yields wax.
- Name the largest bird of prey found in South America.
- Name the two most ancient types of mammals found in South America.
Answer: Ant-eater and Armadillos
- Which grass is grown in South America which maintains the soil fertility and also its consumption fattens the cattle quickly?
- Name the three mixed races of South America.
Mestizos (People of mixed Indian and European blood)
Mulatos (People of mixed European and Black blood)
Zambo (People of mixed Black and Indian blood)
- From which redwood tree Brazil got its present name?
- Which country of South America is known as the homeland of rubber?
- In Brazil, coffee is generally grown on very large plantations which are called as?
- Which are the border countries of Argentina?
Answer: Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay
- Australia alongwith New Zealand and the nearby neighbouring islands is collectively known as?
- Which is the only country in the world which covers the entire continent?
- The Central lowland of Australia is spread from?
Answer: the Gulf of Carpentaria in the North to the southern shores of Australia
- Which is the highest peak of Australia?
Answer: Mt. Kosciusko
- Which are the primary physical divisions of Australia?
Answer: Western Plateau, The Central Lowland, The Eastern Highland
- Which varieties of Eucalyptus are very valuable for their timber?
Answer: Jarrah and Karri
- The temperate grasslands found in the region of Murray-Darling basin are known as?
- What is the distinct characteristic of Marsupial mammals found mainly in Australia and its neighbouring islands?
Answer: Pouch like fold of skin near stomach to carry young ones
- Name the only transcontinental railway of Australia which runs between Sydney and Perth.
Answer: Trans-Australian Railway
- The major roads in Australia are known as?
Answer: Commonwealth Highways
- Who designed the city of Canberra?
Answer: Walter Burley
- Which are the other names of Antartica?
Answer: White Continent ; A Continent for Science
- Where has India established the permanent base camp in Antarctica for conducting scientific studies?
Answer: Dakshin Gangotri
- Which range of Antartica divides the continent into almost two equal parts?
Answer: Queen Maud Range
- Name the only live volcano on Antartica.
Answer: Mount Erebus
- Which are the major physical divisions of North America?
Answer: The Canadian Shield , The Appalachian Mountains or Eastern Highlands , The Central Plains , The Western Cordilleras
- Niagara Falls is located between which two lakes?
Answer: Lake Erie and Lake Ontario
- Which is the highest mountain peak of the Western Cordilleras in North America?
Answer: Mt. Mckinley in Alaska (6187 metres above sea level)
- Which is the largest intermontane plateau of North America?
Answer: The Great Basin
- Where is the geyser Old Faithful located in North America?
Answer: Yellow Stone National Park
- When and where was the first oil well drilled in the United States?
Answer: Year-1859, in Western Pennsylvania
- Where is the world's largest railway junction?
- Which city of The United States is known as the automobile hub and is the chief production centre for the automobile industry?
- Lumbering is the most important occupation in which country of North America?
- Name the two transcontinental railway in Canada.
Answer: The Canadian Pacific Railways - Runs from St John in New Brunswick to Vancouver ;
The Canadian National Railways - From Halifax in Nova Scotia to Prince Rupert in British Columbia
- The Continent of Europe is separated from Asia by?
Answer: The Ural Mountains, The Caucasus Mountains, The Caspian Sea
- Which countries are collectively known as The Scandinavia?
Answer: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark
- Where are the seat of the Pope and the headquarters of the Roman Catholic church?
Answer: Vatican City
- Which two islands are included in the British Isles?
Islands of Ireland (Comprises of Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic) ;
Great Britain (Scotland, Wales, England)
- The Northern Part of the North-Western Highlands of Europe is known as?
Answer: Fenno-Scandian Shield
- Which is the highest peak of the Alps?
Answer: Mont Blanc
- Which is the only fibre crop of Europe which is used for making linen?
- The Rhine, The Weser, The Elbe and The Danube are important rivers of Germany.
Which of the above-mentioned river flows southward?
Answer: The Danube
- Which is the richest and the biggest coal-producing area of Europe?
Answer: The Ruhr (Germany)
- Which canal connects the North Sea and the Baltic sea?
Answer: Kiel Canal
- How many times zone are there in Russia?
- Which is the highest mountain peak in Russia?
Answer: Mt Elbrus
- Which is the longest railway in the world?
Answer: The Trans-Siberian Railway
- Moscow is a port of 5 seas. Name them.
Answer: The Caspian Sea, The Black Sea, The Baltic Sea, Lake Ladoga, The Arctic Ocean
- Where is the deepest lake in the world located?
Answer: Lake Baikal is in Siberia
- Which plateau is known as the 'Roof of the World'?
Answer: Pamir Plateau
- Mention the physical divisions of the Asia.
Answer: The Northern Lowlands, The Central, MountainsThe Southern Plateau, The Great River Valleys, The Island Groups
- Where are the passes viz Khyber pass and Bolan pass located?
Answer: Khyber pass in the Hindu Kush; Bolan pass in the Kirthar
- What is Mt Everest known as in Nepalese?
- Which is the highest peak of Bhutan?
Answer: Gangkhar Puensum
- Which is the largest sandy beach in the world?
Answer: Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh
- Which is the longest river of Sri Lanka?
Answer: Mahaveli Ganga
- Which are the main islands of Indonesia?
Answer: Borneo, Sumatra, Irian Jaya, Celebes, Java, Madura, Bali
- Which is the world's largest plateau?
Answer: Plateau of Tibet (Average height 4000m)
- Which are the four large islands of Japan?
Answer: Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku
- Japan is called 'Nippon'. What does it mean?
Answer: The land of the rising sun
- Which is the largest city of China?
World Geography Questions and Answers PDF in Hindi
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