# Reasoning Notes on word Formulation for Teaching Exams

By Ashish Kumar|Updated : May 4th, 2022

The reasoning is one of the most scoring subjects of teaching exam-  KVS , DSSSB, NVS, Super TET & Other Teaching exams. Around 3-4 questions are covered from this topic and if the candidate is able to apply his thinking ability properly, he can easily score well in these questions.

Word formation
This section aims to test the verbal knowledge of the candidates along with logical skills in the limited amount of time. These questions are easy if done after proper practice and knowing what exactly to look for in the question.

Word Formation
This section aims to test the verbal knowledge of the candidates along with logical skills in a limited amount of time. These questions are easy if done after proper practice and knowing what exactly to look for in the question.

1. Word formation by unscrambling letters:
In such questions, usually jumbled letters are given various types of questions are asked on the unscrambled word thus formed. For example:

A) VARSTEChoose the correct order of letters which are required to form the correct word.
i) 2, 3, 1, 6, 4, 5

ii) 3, 2, 4, 5, 6, 1

iii) 4, 5, 2, 3, 1, 6

iv) 6, 3, 4, 5, 2, 1

Here, we’ve to create the correct word and ‘V’ has been labelled as 1, ‘A’ as 2, ‘R’ as 3, ‘S’ as 4, ‘T’ as 5, and ‘E’ as 6.
On observing we can see the correct word is STARVE. Hence, the correct order is 4(for S) 5(for T) 2316 ⇒ 452316 ⇒e. option iii) is correct.

B) Unscramble the words in options and find the odd-one-out.
i) UPJM

ii) WKLA

iii) PEELS

iv) UNR
Let’s unscramble the options:
i) UPJM⇒ JUMP

ii) WKLA ⇒ WALK

iii) PEELS⇒ SLEEP

iv) UNR⇒ RUN.
We can see that all options except PEELS or SLEEP are active actions while sleep is a passive activity. So, option iii) is an odd-one-out.

C) Unscrambled the word in question and find the option most similar in meaning to the rearranged word:
I T G N D L E I
i) Intelligent

ii) Difficult

iii) Laborious

iv) Quick
On unscrambling the word we can see that the given word is DILIGENT. And, the synonym for diligent is Laborious so option iii) is the answer. A similar question on antonym can also be asked.

2. Word formation using letters of a given word:

A) Using certain letters of a word:
If it’s possible to make a meaningful word from the 2nd,5th, 6th and 7th letters of the word GENEROSITY, then which will be the first letter of that word? Mark X if no such word can be formed, M if more than 1 such word can be formed.
i) R

ii) S

iii) O

iv) M
Here, the word = GENEROSITY
2nd,5th, 6th and 7th letters = E, R, O, and S
Words starting with E = none, with R = ROSE, with O = ORES, with S = SORE
Clearly, we can see that more than 1 i.e. 3 words can be formed so we’ll mark ‘M” i.e. option iv) as the answer.
Note: Had the ROSE been the only word getting formed then we’d have marked option i) i.e. R as the answer because R is the first letter of the only word ROSE.

B) Using certain letters of a series:
U  H    O   L   Y     F    G    W     Z    B    A   S   R
Above a series is given, how many meaningful words can be formed from the 3rd letter from left, 4th letter from right, 6th letter from left and the 9th letter from right?
i) One

ii) Two

iii) Three

iv) none
Here the series: (left) U    H    O   L   Y     F    G    W     Z    B    A   S   R (right)
3rd letter from left = O, , 6th letter from left = F,
4th letter from right = B, 9th letter from right = Y
Given letters = O, F, B, Y
We can see no such meaningful word can be formed using the aforementioned alphabets. Hence, we’ll mark ‘none’ i.e. option iv) as the correct answer.

C) Changing consonant/vowel:
If each vowel in OVEN is changed to the previous letters in the English alphabet and the consonants are changed to the next letters of English alphabets, how many meaningful words can be formed using the letters of the new word thus formed using each letter only once?
i) One

ii) Two

iii) Three

iv) none
The word was given: OVEN
Changing vowels(O and E) to previous letters: NVDN
Changing consonants (V and N) to the next letters: NWDO
So, given letters = N, W, D and O
We can see the word thus formed = DOWN
Hence, only one word can be formed and the correct option is option i)

D) Finding the correct option:
Sometimes, questions come where we have to answer if the word(s) given in options can be created using the letter of the word given in the question. For example a question below:
From the following alternatives, select the word which cannot be formed using the letters of the given word:
MISUNDERSTAND
a) TENT

b) SEND

c) SENT

d) MEND
Solution:
Word: MISUNDERSTAND

Let’s check all the options:
a) TENT It can’t be formed as it requires 2 T’s.
b) SEND ⇒ It can be formed.
c) SENT⇒ It can be formed.
d) MEND⇒ It can be formed.
Hence, option a) is the answer.

This article tends to be beneficial for the following exams - REETUPTETCTETSuper TETDSSSBKVS, etc.

 Serial No. Book Name Author Name 1. A Modern Approach to Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning R.S. Aggarwal 2. A New Approach to Reasoning Verbal & Non-Verbal B.S. Sijwalii and Indu Sijwali

Thanks!

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Koi achhi si book btao sar g
Reasoning ke liye

Omprakash KeshriSep 11, 2020

and  zzkpkmzhems

Ridhima RawatNov 25, 2020

Nmok
सर जी आप संस्कृत के प्रश्न बनाते है क्या । गजब सर शिक्षा शास्त्र के भी बना दीजिये मुझे समय नहीं मिल पाता इसलिए आजकल पोस्ट ही नहीं कर पा रहा ।

Shubham ArtistJan 13, 2021

What is sir

shivani om kashyJan 14, 2021

Sir CTET me reasonings kanha aata hai?

Lp

9 0

CharuApr 3, 2021

Thanks a lot sir for your efforts
Plz sir check a question "b" from "word formation using letters " ......
I think answer is "two" Bcz  words are "of, boy"