Women Freedom Fighters of India - List of Female Freedom Fighters of India

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : October 4th, 2022

For about 200 years, the British ruled India. The sacrifices and movements initiated by India's freedom fighters brought us freedom, and India became an independent country in 1947. August 15 was and continues to be the most memorable day for all Indians as a remembrance of our freedom fighters' patriotism and hardships. Female Freedom Fighters of India created a significant mark of courage and heroism as early as the 18th century, establishing that women were not prepared to be downgraded to the background of the freedom struggle.

The women freedom fighters contributed their lives to the country's freedom and will forever be a part of our Indian history.

Table of Content

Women Freedom Fighters of India

Some of the best Female Freedom Fighters of India and their contributions are listed below. 

Lady Freedom Fighters

Contributions of Indian Women Freedom Fighters

Rani Lakshmi Bai

Participated and fought in the Revolt of 1857

Kamla Nehru

Participated in the Non cooperation Movement against the foreign liquors

Kasturba Gandhi

Was a part of the Quit India movement

Begum Hazrat Mahal

Begum of Awadh was one the first Female Freedom Fighter in 1857 revolt

Vijay Laxmi Pandit

First Indian women ambassador at UN.

Sarojini Naidu

First Indian woman who acted as governor of UP

Aruna Asaf Ali

Inquilab (Monthly journal)

Madam Bhikaji Cama

First Indian to hoist the Indian Non-cooperation flag on foreign soil,

Mother India’s first cultural representative of USA’

Kamla Chattopadhyay

The first woman to be elected for a legislative seat in India(madras province)

Sucheta Kriplani

First women Chief minister (UP)

Annie Besant

First woman president of INC, Home rule league.

Kittur Chennamma

First female ruler to rebel against the British

Usha Mehta

Organized Congress Radio, popularly the Secret Congress Radio

Lakshmi Sahgal

India Democratic Women Association(IDWA)(1981 )

Role of Female Freedom Fighters of India in Independence

Without acknowledging the contributions made by women freedom fighters and activists, the history of the Indian freedom struggle would be inadequate. The sacrifices made by Indian women will always play a vital role in the Indian discussion for Indian Independence.

Female Freedom Fighters of India with Names List in PDF

  • The Lady Freedom Fighters fought with true spirit and unwavering courage, enduring various tortures, exploitations, and sufferings to secure our liberation.
  • When most male freedom fighters were imprisoned, the women stepped forward to lead the struggle.
  • The freedom fighters' women's name list is a very long list of great women whose names have been engraved in the history of the freedom struggle for their commitment and unwavering loyalty to the service of India.
  • Women began to participate in India's freedom struggle in early 1817.
  • Bhima Bai Holkar fought bravely against British Colonel Malcolm in gorilla warfare and defeated him.
  • In the 19th century, many women fought against the British East India Company, 30 years before the "First War of Independence (1857)", including Rani Chennamma of Kittur and Rani Begum Hazrat Mahal of Awadh.
  • Women played an admirable role in the war of Independence (the Great Revolt) of 1857, earning respect and appreciation for even the revolt's leaders.
  • Rani of Ramgarh, Rani Jindan Kaur, Rani Tace Bai, Baiza Bai, Chauhan Rani, and Tapaswini Maharani lead their troops bravely and to battle.
  • Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi was one of the bravest of all freedom fighters in Indian history, whose bravery and exceptional leadership set a shining example of true nationalism and patriotism in the country.
  • Women from educated and liberal families and those from rural areas and all different backgrounds, castes, religions, and communities joined the national movement for Independence.
  • Sarojini Naidu, Kasturba Gandhi, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, and Annie Besant are names from the 20th century that are recognized even presently for their unique achievements on the battlefield and in the field of politics.

Top 20 Female Freedom Fighters of India

Here is a list of few women freedom fighters of India listed below. Read more to know the total contribution of the top 20 women freedom fighters in Indian history. They made selfless sacrifices and fought courageously to see their country free and prospering.

  1. Sarojini Naidu
  2. Kamala Nehru
  3. Kasturba Gandhi
  4. Moolmati
  5. Captain Lakshmi Sahgal
  6. Aruna Asaf Ali
  7. Madam Bhikaiji Cama
  8. Annie Besant
  9. Rani Lakshmibai
  10. Savitribai Phule
  11. Jhalkaribai
  12. Begum Hazrat Mahal
  13. Kittur Rani Chennamma
  14. Rani Gaidinliu
  15. Mathangini Hazra
  16. Uda Devi
  17. Kanaklata Barua
  18. Tara Rani Srivastava
  19. Ammu Swaminathan
  20. Umabai Kundapur

Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu was a poet and an activist for independence. Sarojini Naidu was born in Hyderabad on February 13, 1879, as Sarojini Chattopadhyaya.

  • Her father, Aghorenath Chattopadhyaya, was the Principal of Nizam College and an advocate for social reforms and women's education.
  • Varada Sundari, Naidu's mother, was a Bengali author and dancer.
  • Naidu received her education at home; her father taught her mathematics and science and urged her to continue pursuing them.
  • Sarojini Naidu, one of India's renowned women freedom fighters, was granted the crown of The Nightingale of India.
  • She was the first freedom fighters women to be governor of both the Indian region and a state post-independence.
  • She became the Indian National Congress president.
  • She founded the Women's Indian Association and was active in women's rights and empowerment.
  • She got detained for participating in the movements like Civil Disobedience and Quit India.
  • She backed Gandhiji in the Sabarmati contract, the Montagu-Chelmsford reforms, the Satyagraha commitment, and the Khilafat movement issue.

Kamala Nehru

Kamala Nehru, a persistent follower of Mahatma Gandhi and the wife of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, joined India's freedom battle with the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1921.

  • Kamala has contributed a lot and comes under the list of famous Indian women freedom fighters.
  • She was the first freedom fighter to lift their voice for women's empowerment.
  • Kamala organized women's gatherings that boycotted foreign cloth and liquor stores.
  • When her husband could not arrive on time, she repeatedly decided to stand in for him and give speeches.

Kasturba Gandhi

Though primarily remembered as the wife of Mahatma Gandhi, Kasturba Gandhi, in herself, was among the bravest Women Freedom Fighters.

  • She was the inspiration behind Satyagraha and played an essential role as a women's freedom fighter in India.
  • Kasturba was a political activist who taught Indians the values of health, hygiene, and reading and writing.
  • She took part in all of the Indian independence protests and movements.

Moolmati

Ram Prasad Bismil, a great Indian revolutionary, was the son of Moolmati, a less-known nationalist who supported the revolutionary sentiments of her son.

  • Known as the sacrificial mother, when the British rulers hung her son, she handled public discussions, organized marches, and showed her son's support for the freedom struggle.
  • Regarding her efforts, she is viewed as one of the freedom fighters among women.
  • She promised her and her other son's support for the liberation struggle.

Captain Lakshmi Sahgal

The first woman in India to lead an all-women regiment, the Rani Jhansi Regiment of the INA, Captain Lakshmi Sahgal, was one of the greatest Indian women freedom fighters.

  • She was a revolutionary, a doctor, and a social activist who worked for the welfare of the untouchables and patients till her last breath.
  • She worked with great empathy until she died, caring for untouchables and patients.
  • She received the Padma Bhushan for her contributions to society.

Aruna Asaf Ali

She, also popularly referred to as the grand old lady of India, was an Indian educator and political activist whose demonstrations and strikes enhanced the needs of the criminals in Tihar jail.

  • She was believed to be a powerful personality and included as a women freedom fighter in India.
  • She participated in the Quit India Movement by hoisting the Indian flag at the Gowalia Tank Maidan.
  • Aruna was responsible for editing 'In-Qilab,' a monthly journal of the National Congress, and had engaged in public rallies during the Salt Satyagraha.

Madam Bhikaiji Cama

Madam Cama was a passionate lady who played an integral role in the earlier years of India's freedom struggle.

  • She raised her voice for gender equality and is the mother of the Indian Revolution.
  • Cama was the first woman to hoist the Indian flag on foreign soil in Germany.
  • Bhikaiji Cama was a Parsi social worker, philanthropist, and dynamic freedom fighter.
  • She became ill during the bubonic pandemic while helping those who got infected.
  • She passed away all her belongings to charity and a girls' orphanage.
  • In 1907, she was designated as India's ambassador to Germany.

Annie Besant

As a British socialist, Annie Besant contributed to the Indian freedom campaign by launching the All India Home Rule League.

  • She vigorously fought for self-rule for India with Bal Gangadhar Tilak and was the first woman to become the President of Congress.
  • She merged the Indian National Congress and participated in scholarly and political events.
  • Annie worked for equal rights for women and was a philanthropist.
  • Being British, she propagated self-government for India and eventually got the label of Indian women freedom fighter.
  • Her functions in self-rule movements are considerable.

Rani Lakshmibai

One of the first Women Freedom Fighters to fight in the Indian Independence Movement of 1857, Rani Lakshmibai is regarded as a symbol of opposition to the British Raj.

  • She's recalled for her courage and fearlessness in the Indian Mutiny of 1857-58.
  • Lakshmibai is believed to be the most powerful and brave woman freedom fighter.
  • She was the Rani of Jhansi and the Maratha queen.
  • Lakshmibai fought against British rule until the bitter end and was regarded as a symbol of rebellion. The British regarded her as a formidable foe.

Savitribai Phule

Considered to be the pioneer of the feminist movement in India, Savitribai Phule was the first female teacher at the first girl's school in India.

  • Savitribai's significant contribution included her in the list of the 10 women freedom fighters in Indian history.
  • Fighting against the conventional norms of society during British rule, she took the first step toward educating girls.

Jhalkaribai

Jhalkari Bai was a brave and determined fighter. She used her fighting strategies, gunned down tigers in the woods, and forced dacoits to flee.

  • She was highly crucial in the Battle of Jhansi.
  • Because of her resemblance to Rani Laxmi Bai, she was able to take the army's leadership during the war, allowing the queen to flee.

Begum Hazrat Mahal

Begum Hazrat was also renowned as the Begum of Awadh. She was an eminent freedom fighter.

  • Following her husband's death, she assumed control of Awadh, conquered Lucknow, and established her son as their ruler.
  • The British later recaptured Lucknow.
  • She fought against the destruction of temples and mosques for road construction.

Kittur Rani Chennamma

Kittur Rani Chennamma was a member of the Lingayat community from a tiny village in Karnataka.

  • She was a brave freedom fighter skilled in sword fighting, archery, and horseback riding.
  • She ruled her kingdom and fought against the Britishers' rule in India with immense bravery.

Rani Gaidinliu

Rani Gaidinliu was the Rani of Manipur, named the daughter of the hills, and is well-known for her rebellion against British rule.

  • She began her involvement in the Naga Tribe reformers at 17 years of age, which led to her arrest by the British.
  • She was incarcerated for 14 years.
  • After serving her sentence, she led a revolt against the British government in Cachar Hills and Hangrum Village.
  • She fought for liberty with an unbreakable spirit.

Mathangini Hazra

Matangini Hazra, also renowned as Gandhi Buri, was a freedom fighter who opposed British rule and was briefly imprisoned.

  • Her belief in patriotism and independence was well-known.
  • She led a convoy of 6,000 people during the Quit India movement,
  • Police shot her dead in Tamluk, Midnapore district.
  • When confronted with death, she raised the Indian flag and chanted 'Vande Matram.'

Uda Devi

Uda Devi and some other Dalit women fought for independence during the Indian Independence War of 1857.

  • She was a strong and determined woman.
  • Begum Hazrat assisted her in the formation of a women's troop.
  • They fought bravely against the British under Uda Devi's command.
  • She was accused of shooting British soldiers from a peepal tree.

Kanaklata Barua

Birbala, another name of Kanaklata Barua, was an Assamese freedom fighter.

  • In 1942, she was an active member of the Quit India movement.
  • She often showed her displeasure with the British by waving the Indian flag and shouting slogans in freedom rallies.
  • At 18, she was shot dead by the British police.

Tara Rani Srivastava

Tara Rani Srivastava and her husband, Phulendu Babu, took part in the Quit India protests. They assembled a crowd and paraded with slogans towards the Siwan Police Station in Bihar.

Ammu Swaminathan

Ammu Swaminathan was born in Kerala, in Palakkad, in 1894 and later relocated to Madras. She studied English and was drawn to the political and women's rights movements beginning in 1914.

  • Ammu was a government activist and social worker during the pre-independence movement.
  • She battled against the upper caste's arrogance.
  • She also served on the commission that documented the Indian constitution.
  • Her political work took her to foreign countries and made her a goodwill ambassador.
  • She was also the Bharat Scouts and Guides' president.

Umabai Kundapur

Umabai Bhai Kundapur was a devoted political activist. She turned down multiple recognition and positions and chose to stay out of the spotlight.

  • She took part in demonstrations and took action against the British.
  • She discovered the Bagini Mandal and led the Hindustani Seva Dal's women's wing.
  • She often gave the freedom fighters a place to stay.

☛ Also Read: Weekly Current Affairs

This article is a tribute to the Women Freedom Fighters of India as it covers the contribution of the queens who battled colonial powers against all odds and played a crucial role in shaping India.

Female Freedom Fighters of India in Hindi

भारत की सर्वश्रेष्ठ महिला स्वतंत्रता सेनानियों में से कुछ और उनके योगदान नीचे सूचीबद्ध हैं।

  • रानी लक्ष्मी बाई - 1857 के विद्रोह में भाग लिया और लड़े।
  • कमला नेहरू - विदेशी शराब के खिलाफ असहयोग आंदोलन में भाग लिया।
  • कस्तूरबा गांधी - भारत छोड़ो आंदोलन का हिस्सा था।
  • बेगम हजरत महल - अवध की बेगम 1857 के विद्रोह में पहली महिला स्वतंत्रता सेनानी थीं।
  • विजय लक्ष्मी पंडित - संयुक्त राष्ट्र में पहली भारतीय महिला राजदूत।
  • सरोजिनी नायडू - पहली भारतीय महिला जिसने यूपी की राज्यपाल के रूप में कार्य किया
  • अरुणा आसफ अली - इंकलाब (मासिक जर्नल)
  • मैडम भीकाजी काम - विदेशी धरती पर असहयोग का झंडा फहराने वाले प्रथम भारतीय
  • कमला चट्टोपाध्याय - भारत में एक विधायी सीट के लिए चुनी जाने वाली पहली महिला (मद्रास प्रांत)
  • सुचेता कृपलानी - पहली महिला मुख्यमंत्री (यूपी)
  • एनी बेसेंट - INC की पहली महिला अध्यक्ष, होम रूल लीग।
  • कित्तूर चेन्नम्मा - अंग्रेजों के खिलाफ विद्रोह करने वाली पहली महिला शासक
  • उषा मेहता - संगठित कांग्रेस रेडियो, लोकप्रिय रूप से गुप्त कांग्रेस रेडियो
  • लक्ष्मी सहगल - इंडिया डेमोक्रेटिक वुमन एसोसिएशन (आईडीडब्ल्यूए) (1981)

 

Sample Question on Women Freedom Fighters of India

Question: Identify the following person:

“She was one of the first well-known Indian rulers planning an armed revolt against the British East India Company (EIC), opposing the Doctrine of Lapse's implementation.”

Choose the most suitable options below:

  1. Rani Lakshmibai
  2. Rani Kittur Chennamma
  3. Maharani Tarabai
  4. Bhikaiji Cama

Other Important UPSC Notes

Mauryan Empire

Fiscal Policy

Social Audit

Mission Indradhanush

Basel Convention 1989

Liquidity Trap

Mauryan Administration

International Court of Justice

Iran Nuclear Deal

Fundamental Duties

Indian Diaspora

Judicial Review

Comments

write a comment

FAQs on Female Freedom Fighters of India

  • Sarojini Naidu, Mithuben Petit, etc., were some Women Freedom Fighters who participated in the Salt Satyagraha. It was a mass civil disobedience movement initiated by Mahatma Gandhi against the salt tax charged by the British government in India.

  • Two North-eastern Women Freedom Fighters are Sati Joymoti and Kanaklata Baruah. Joymoti was an Ahom princess and later became Queen to King Gadadhar Singha. On the other hand, Kanaklata Baruah was one of the leaders from Assam who participated in the Indian Independence Movement.

  • Savitribai Phule, Ramabai Ranade, Rani Laxmi Bai, Sarojini Naidu, and Madam Bhikaji Cama were some women freedom fighters who did remarkable work in the field of education.

  • Rani Lakshmibai and Begum Hazrat Mahal were Women Freedom Fighters who participated in the first war of independence. These women have gone down in history for their fearlessness and courage in standing up to the British forces in India's first war of independence in 1857.

  • Rani Lakshmi bai, also commonly known as Jhansi ki Rani is one of the greatest and first women to fight for the freedom of India. She single-handedly fought with the British army without any fear in her eyes. She was married to the king of Jhansi and regarded as an important women freedom fighter.

  • The efforts made by Indian women will always play an important role in the Indian struggle for independence. They fought with uncompromising courage and true spirit, withstanding various tortures, exploitations, and sufferings to secure our liberation. When most male freedom fighters were incarcerated, women took the lead in the fight.

  • Sarojini Naidu was a poetess and an independent freedom fighter. She was born as Sarojini Chattopadhyaya on February 13, 1879, in Hyderabad. She was also declared India's first woman governor of both a province and a state after freedom. The Indian National Congress elected her as president. She established the Women's Indian Association and strongly advocated for women's rights and empowerment. She was arrested and imprisoned as a result of her involvement in the Civil Disobedience and Quit India movements.

  • Annie Besant was a prominent British theosophist and reformer who advocated for Indian independence. She was drawn to Theosophy, a religious movement founded in 1875 on Hindu notions of reincarnation and karma. Besant, a member of the Theosophical Society and later its representative, spread their beliefs throughout the world, particularly in India.

  • Sarojini Naidu was a Female Freedom Fighters of India who was also the president of the Indian National Congress in 1925.

  • Contributions of the Indian Female Freedom Fighters cannot be compared and each one of them gave their best to attain freedom for the country. To name a few, Top 5 Female Freedom Fighters of India are 

    1. Rani Lakshmi Bai
    2. Begum Hazrat Mahal
    3. Kasturba Gandhi
    4. Kamla Nehru
    5. Vijay Laxmi Pandit


Featured Articles

Follow us for latest updates