List of Important Wildlife Sanctuaries in India - UPSC Notes

By K Balaji|Updated : November 3rd, 2022

Wildlife sanctuaries in India are areas that have sufficient ecology, biological diversity, species diversity, geological value, morphological value, biological and zoological value for safeguarding, re-producing or expanding wildlife. However, this does not apply to areas that are part of forest reserves or territorial waters.

Wildlife sanctuaries in India are a crucial part of the Indian geography and UPSC GS 2. Several questions have been asked about the laws and their implementations for the conservation of threatened species in our country and other updates concerning the Wildlife sanctuaries in every examination. In this article, read about the importance of wildlife sanctuaries in India as per the UPSC exam point of view and also know the state-wise list of wildlife sanctuaries in India.

Table of Content

What are Wildlife Sanctuaries in India?

A wildlife sanctuary in India is a protected area of nature that reflects regional, national, and religious values while also upholding long-standing traditions and rituals to conserve nature.

  • They are all brought together by the noble objective of maintaining the current biological diversity of flora and fauna endemic to the area, in any location, and the jurisdiction of any state.
  • In simple terms, we can say that a wildlife sanctuary is an area where birds, other animals, and flora are safeguarded and preserved safely in their natural habitats to protect them from illicit activities like poaching and animal trafficking.

List of Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

According to the Wildlife Institute of India, there are currently 565 wildlife sanctuaries that occupy 12560.85 square kilometers, or 3.73%, of the nation’s total land area (National Wildlife Database, May 2022). The protected area network report suggests 218 additional sanctuaries totaling up to 16,829 square kilometers of area.

Wildlife Sanctuaries in India State Wise

Names

Wildlife Sanctuary in Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Interview Island Wildlife Sanctuary

Landfall Island Wildlife Sanctuary

Lohabarrack (Saltwater Crocodile) Wildlife Sanctuary

Spike Island-I and Spike Island-II Wildlife Sanctuaries

Tillongchang Island Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary

Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary

Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu

Cauvery North Wildlife Sanctuary

Kalakad Wildlife Sanctuary

Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary

Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary

Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary

Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary

Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary

Srivilliputhur Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Goa

Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary

Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary

Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh

Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary

Gundla Brahmeswaram Wildlife Sanctuary

Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary

Kolleru Wildlife Sanctuary

Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary

Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary

Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary

Sri Venkateswara Wildlife Sanctuary

Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Telangana

Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary

Pranahita Wildlife Sanctuary

Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary

Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary

Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary

Nagarjuna Sagar-Srisailam Wildlife Sanctuary

Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Maharashtra

Tadoba Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary

Bhamragarh Wildlife Sanctuary

Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary

Chaprala Wildlife Sanctuary

Dnyanganga Wildlife Sanctuary

Gautala Autramghat Sanctuary

Ghodazari Wildlife Sanctuary

Great Indian Bustard Wildlife Sanctuary

Kalsubai Harishchandragad Wildlife Sanctuary

Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary

Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary

Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary

Painganga Wildlife Sanctuary

Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary

Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary

Yawal Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Odisha

Badrama Wildlife Sanctuary

Baisipalli Wildlife Sanctuary

Chandaka Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary

Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary

Gahirmatha Marine Wildlife Sanctuary

Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary

Hadgarh Wildlife Sanctuary

Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary

Nandankanan Wildlife Sanctuary

Satkosia Gorge Wildlife Sanctuary

Simlipal Wildlife Sanctuary

Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Chhattisgarh

Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary

Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary

Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary

Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Mizoram

Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary

Tokalo Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Tripura

Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary

Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat

Balaram Ambaji Wildlife Sanctuary

Barda Wildlife Sanctuary

Gir Wildlife Sanctuary

Girnar Wildlife Sanctuary

Gaga Wildlife Sanctuary

Jambughoda Wildlife Sanctuary

Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary

Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary

Narayan Sarovar Wildlife Sanctuary

Purna Wildlife Sanctuary

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Jharkhand

Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary

Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary

Lawalong Wildlife Sanctuary

Palamau Wildlife Sanctuary

Palkot Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Meghalaya

Narpuh Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Manipur

Yangoupokpi Lokchao Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in MP

Bagdara Wildlife Sanctuary

Bori Wildlife Sanctuary

Gandhi Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary

Ghatigaon Wildlife Sanctuary

Karera Wildlife Sanctuary

Pachmarhi Wildlife Sanctuary

Kheoni Wildlife Sanctuary

Palpur Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary

Panpatha Wildlife Sanctuary

Pench Wildlife Sanctuary

Noradehi Wildlife Sanctuary

Phen Wildlife Sanctuary

Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary

Sanjay Dubri Wildlife Sanctuary

Sardarpur Wildlife Sanctuary

Singhori Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in West Bengal

Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary

Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary

Sajnakhali Wildlife Sanctuary

West Sunderbans Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Bihar

Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary

Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary

Valmiki Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Sikkim

Barsey Rhododendron Wildlife Sanctuary

Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh

D'Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary

Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary

Eagle Nest Wildlife Sanctuary

Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary

Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary

Pakke (Pakhui) Wildlife Sanctuary

Sessa Orchid Wildlife Sanctuary

Talley Valley Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Rajasthan

Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary

Bhainsrorgarh Wildlife Sanctuary

Jamwa Ramgarh Wildlife Sanctuary

Jawahar Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary

Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary

Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary

Phulwari Ki Nal Wildlife Sanctuary

Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary

Sawai Mansingh Wildlife Sanctuary

Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary

Todgarh Raoli Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in UP

Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary

Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary

Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary

Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary

National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary

Patna Wildlife Sanctuary

Pilibhit Wildlife Sanctuary

Ranipur Wildlife Sanctuary

Sohagi Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary

Sohelwa Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Haryana

Abubshahar Wildlife Sanctuary

Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttarakhand

Askot Wildlife Sanctuary

Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary

Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary

Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary

Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Himachal Pradesh

Daranghati Wildlife Sanctuary

Dhauladhar Wildlife Sanctuary

Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary

Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary

Nargu Wildlife Sanctuary

Rupi Bhaba Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Jammu and Kashmir

Gulmarg Wildlife Sanctuary

Overa-Aru Wildlife Sanctuary

Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary

Ramnagar Rakha Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Ladakh

Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary

Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Karnataka

As per the updated list of Wildlife Sanctuaries in India, there are approximately 30 in Karnataka. Some of the important ones are listed below.

  1. Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary
  2. Bhimgad Wildlife Sanctuary
  3. Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary
  4. Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary
  5. Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary
  6. Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary
  7. Shettihalli Wildlife Sanctuary
  8. Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary
  9. Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary
  10. Ranibennur Blackbuck Sanctuary
  11. Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary
  12. Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary
  13. Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary
  14. Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary
  15. Chincholi Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam

There are 15-20 Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam. Some of the important and famous ones are listed below.

  1. Amchang WLS
  2. Barail WLS
  3. Barnadi WLS
  4. Bherjan-Borajan-Padumoni WLS
  5. Burachapori WLS
  6. Chakrashila WLS
  7. Deepor Beel WLS
  8. Dihing Patkai WLS
  9. East Karbi Anglong WLS
  10. Garampani WLS
  11. Hollongapar Gibbon WLS
  12. Lawkhowa WLS
  13. Marat Longri WLS
  14. Nambor WLS
  15. Nambor Doigrung WLS
  16. Porbitora WLS
  17. Pani-Dihing Bird WLS
  18. Sonai Rupai WLS

State Nature Wildlife Sanctuaries

The objective of a state nature wildlife sanctuary is to safeguard and study the natural course of biological processes and events, the genetic stock of flora and fauna, species and ecosystems of plants and animals, distinctive and notable ecosystems, and environmental education.

  • The natural territories of federal importance include the grounds of state parks, natural forests, and wildlife sanctuaries.
  • The regions of state wildlife sanctuaries in India can be categorized as having regional or federal significance.
  • When creating territorial integrated schemes, land management plans, district, and urban planning initiatives, and land uses, all forms of wildlife sanctuaries should be considered.
  • All notably protected natural components and entities (land, water, soil, biological species) on the grounds of a state wildlife sanctuary that serve as an example of the typical natural environment, traditional or unique landscapes, or locations for the preservation of genetic funds of biodiversity are entirely erased from monitory usages.

Wildlife Sanctuaries in India State-Wise Area Covered

As per the Wildlife Institute of India; the state-wise wildlife sanctuaries are listed as follows:

State & UT

State Area (km²)

No. of WLS

Area (km²)

% of State Area

Andhra Pradesh

160229

13

6771.4

4.23

Arunachal Pradesh

83743

13

7614.56

9.09

Assam

78438

17

1728.95

2.2

Bihar

94163

12

2851.67

3.03

Chhattisgarh

135191

11

3760.28

2.78

Goa

3702

6

647.91

17.5

Gujarat

196022

23

16618.42

8.48

Haryana

44212

7

118.21

0.27

Himachal Pradesh

55673

28

6115.97

10.99

Jharkhand

79714

11

1955.82

2.45

Karnataka

191791

35

7923.23

4.13

Kerala

38863

18

2156.21

5.55

Madhya Pradesh

308245

24

7046.19

2.29

Maharashtra

307713

49

7861.7

2.55

Manipur

22327

7

708.14

3.17

Meghalaya

22429

4

94.11

0.42

Mizoram

21081

9

1359.75

6.45

Nagaland

16579

4

43.91

0.26

Odisha

155707

19

7094.65

4.56

Punjab

50362

13

326.6

0.65

Rajasthan

342239

25

5592.38

1.63

Sikkim

7096

7

399.1

5.62

Tamil Nadu

130058

31

6292.07

4.84

Telangana

114840

9

5672.7

4.94

Tripura

10486

4

603.64

5.76

Uttar Pradesh

240928

26

5822.2

2.42

Uttarakhand

53483

7

2690.12

5.03

West Bengal

88752

16

1440.18

1.62

Andaman & Nicobar

8249

94

377.83

4.58

Chandigarh

114

2

26.01

22.82

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

491

1

92.17

18.77

Daman & Diu

112

1

2.19

1.96

Delhi

1483

1

19.61

1.32

Jammu & Kashmir

163090

14

1729.03

1.06

Ladakh

59146

2

9000

15.22

Lakshadweep

32

1

0.01

0.03

Puducherry

480

1

3.9

0.81

TOTAL

3287263

565

122560.85

3.73

Wildlife Sanctuary in India Map

The following map shows the wildlife sanctuaries found in India:

Wildlife Sanctuary in India Map

Important Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Some of the most important wildlife sanctuaries in India are as follows:

Corbett National Park (Jim Corbett National Park)Ranthambore National ParkBandipur National ParkKeoladeo Ghana National ParkNagarhole National ParkSariska National ParkKaziranga National ParkBhadra Wildlife SanctuaryKanha National ParkSundarbans National Park

  • Bhadra wildlife sanctuary

Importance of Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

The role of wildlife sanctuaries in India is crucial when it comes to preserving and reproducing biological diversity in a region. This is briefly explained in the pointers given below:

Wildlife conservation

Since it is difficult and expensive to relocate endangered creatures, these animals are usually kept in their native habitats where they can be closely watched, where they can procreate, and increase their population while still living under the stringent surveillance of the wildlife sanctuary and associated experts.

Preservation of landscape

Forests is slowly becoming distant to the human eye. We used to be able to see trees in our immediate surroundings as kids, but today, all we can see are multistorey buildings towering the cities and even towns.

  • These forests are cleared to make room for buildings, cities, and urban societies.
  • However, as these sanctuaries are on protected land, the woods are safeguarded and permitted to grow unhindered.

Safeguarding the endangered species

Because of our routines and daily requirements, many plants and animal species are threatened today and are also on the brink of becoming extinct. Wildlife sanctuaries provide a secure land area to the species where nature and the fauna can flourish in an obstructed manner by human activity.

Eco-tourism

Eco-tourism is the practice of visiting environmentally significant locations to witness and support wildlife protection. Here, members of the public can view animals in their natural habitats, unrestrained, unlike the cages.

  • They can observe animals in their groups, together with their young, without worrying about their safety.
  • The ability to generate revenue by charging visitors through the sanctuary entry fees is one of the main advantages of ecotourism.
  • The sanctuary can be expanded with the money made using the entry fees.

Environmental education

An average person is not sufficiently aware of the wildlife sanctuaries in India, their functions, and their advantages. However, more and more people are learning about them and becoming a part of support groups, and volunteering with the sanctuaries.

Wildlife Sanctuaries in India UPSC

The wildlife sanctuaries in India is an important segment of the UPSC Mains Syllabus. One should always keep in touch with the current affairs and latest news along with regularly studying the UPSC study material available to never miss out on any detail related to this topic. You can also refer to the UPSC Previous Years Question Papers to practice.

Download List of Wildlife sanctuaries in India

Previous Year UPSC Question on Wildlife Sanctuaries in India (2014)

Question: Take a look at the following pairs

  1. Dampa Tiger reserve Mizoram
  2. Gumti wildlife sanctuary Sikkim
  3. Saramathi peak Nagaland

Which of the above combinations is correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. Two and three only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: (D) 1, 2 and 3

Important Notes for UPSC
Governor of IndiaWestern Ghats and Eastern Ghats
Fascism Vs NazismTypes of Funds in India
Seals of Harappan CivilizationBhakti Movement
Environment Protection ActFood Safety and Standards Authority of India
Minerals in IndiaSwachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay

Comments

write a comment

FAQs on Wildlife Sanctuary in India

  • A wildlife sanctuary is a specifically protected area of nature that has sufficient ecology, biological diversity, species diversity, geological value, morphological value, and biological and zoological value to safeguard the birds and other animals in their natural habitats to protect them from illicit activities like poaching and animal trafficking.

  • Interview Island wildlife sanctuary, covering approximately 134 square kilometers of area, is the largest wildlife sanctuary in Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

  • The Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, also known as Keoladeo National Park, is the largest bird sanctuary in India's Bharatpur district of Rajasthan state.

  • The objective of a state-nature wildlife sanctuary is to safeguard and study the natural course of biological processes and events, the genetic stock of flora and fauna, species and ecosystems of plants and animals, distinctive and notable ecosystems, and environmental education.

Featured Articles

Follow us for latest updates