Why Non-Cooperation Movement Started Why it is Called off in 1922?
- Essentially, the movement was a non-violent, non-violent protest against the Indian government of the British.
- As a protest, Indians were urged to renounce their titles and resign from their appointed positions in the local bodies.
- People were requested to leave their positions with the government.
- People were urged to remove their kids from institutions and universities that were run by or received funding from the government.
- People were urged to stop buying imported goods and exclusively utilize products created in India.
- People were urged to abstain from voting in the legislative council elections.
- No one was allowed to enlist in the British military.
- It was also intended for people to stop paying taxes if the aforementioned measures did not produce the desired results.
- The INC also called for self-government or Swarajya.
- Only absolutely non-violent methods would be used to enforce the requests.
- The non-cooperation campaign marked a turning point in the independence movement because it signalled the INC's initial willingness to forgo constitutional measures in Favour of self-government.
- If this campaign is carried through to its conclusion, Swaraj would be attained in a year, according to Gandhiji.
- Following the Chauri Chaura tragedy in February 1922, Gandhiji decided to put an end to the campaign.
- During a fight between the police and movement protesters in Chauri Chaura, Uttar Pradesh, a violent crowd set fire to a police station, killing 22 policemen.