Why was Herodotus Called the Father of History?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : August 26th, 2022

Herodotus was called the Father of History because he was actually the first historian to properly record the events that took place back then. Herodotus was a Greek chronicler of the ancient world, but ironically his own history is unknown. He was a historian as well as a Geographer. The title of the 'Father of History' was given to him by the ancient Roman orator, Cicero.

Herodotus, the Father of History

Herodotus famously called the 'Father of History' is known for his systematic way of recording things in the past, which gave him this title and recognition. He was a Greek historian and Geographer from the Greek city of Halicarnassus. He was also famous for having written the 'Histories,' which was an elaborate account of the Greek-Persian wars.

The 'Histories' contains all the details and descriptions of the lives of famous kings and also renowned battles. He also faced some criticism owing to his style of writing and depiction of events from his fellow historians. He usually left the analysis to the reader and reported the facts in his own sense, sometimes making a fusion of fables and myths. He was largely dependent on his personal observations and the descriptions that he received from the local people.

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FAQs

  • The ancient Roman orator ‘Cicero’ gave the title of the ‘Father of History’ to Herodotus.

  • Herodotus was largely criticized due to his free way of writing the facts mixed up with his personal views.

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