Why was a Khilafat committee formed?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The Khilafat committee was formed to protect the Ottoman Caliph's authority, which the Treaty of Sevres had curtailed after World War I.

  • The Khilafat movement, led by Mohammed Ali, Shaukat Ali, Maulana Azad, Hakim Ajmal Khan, and Hasrat Mohani, was founded on this foundation.
  • An important turning point in the history of the Indian independence struggle was the Khilafat movement, which took place concurrently with the Non-Cooperation movement.

Impact of Khilafat Committee Formation

  • On August 31, 1921, the Khilafat Non-Cooperation Movement began.
  • Government employees began to leave their positions.
  • Schools and other requirements were postponed, including the buying and selling products.
  • By the end of 1920, the Khilafat Movement and the Congress Non-Cooperation Movement had united into a single national movement.
  • The Khilafat Committee observed in 1921 that all Muslims asked not to enlist in the police or military and not to pay taxes.
  • The government was enraged by this, and the well-known Ali brothers were detained on seditious charges.
  • The Khilafat and the volunteers for the Congress who participated in this program were ruled unconstitutional.
  • Unfortunately, Gandhiji insisted on calling off the entire campaign on February 12, 1922, as word of the Chauri Chaura event spread.

Summary:

Why was a Khilafat committee formed?

The Treaty of Sevres at the end of World War I limited the Ottoman Caliph's power; the Khilafat committee was created to restore it.

  • On this premise was built the Khilafat movement, led by Mohammed Ali, Shaukat Ali, Maulana Azad, Hakim Ajmal Khan, and Hasrat Mohani.
  • The Khilafat movement, which occurred at the same time as the Non-Cooperation movement, was a significant turning point in the history of the Indian independence movement.

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