Impact of Khilafat Committee Formation
- On August 31, 1921, the Khilafat Non-Cooperation Movement began.
- Government employees began to leave their positions.
- Schools and other requirements were postponed, including the buying and selling products.
- By the end of 1920, the Khilafat Movement and the Congress Non-Cooperation Movement had united into a single national movement.
- The Khilafat Committee observed in 1921 that all Muslims asked not to enlist in the police or military and not to pay taxes.
- The government was enraged by this, and the well-known Ali brothers were detained on seditious charges.
- The Khilafat and the volunteers for the Congress who participated in this program were ruled unconstitutional.
- Unfortunately, Gandhiji insisted on calling off the entire campaign on February 12, 1922, as word of the Chauri Chaura event spread.
Why was a Khilafat committee formed?
The Treaty of Sevres at the end of World War I limited the Ottoman Caliph's power; the Khilafat committee was created to restore it.
- On this premise was built the Khilafat movement, led by Mohammed Ali, Shaukat Ali, Maulana Azad, Hakim Ajmal Khan, and Hasrat Mohani.
- The Khilafat movement, which occurred at the same time as the Non-Cooperation movement, was a significant turning point in the history of the Indian independence movement.