Why is Turkmenistan not a member of SCO?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 1st, 2022

Turkmenistan is not a member of SCO because, in 1995, Turkmenistan formally proclaimed its "Permanent Neutrality" to the UN, which acknowledged it and passed a special resolution in response. It won't join multilateral defense organizations, including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

Turkmenistan Not a Member of SCO - Reasons

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), an international organization, was founded in Shanghai on June 15, 2001.
  • The SCO now has eight member countries (China, Kazakhstan, India, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, and Uzbekistan), including four observer countries (Afghanistan, Iran, Belarus, and Mongolia) which are interested in joining the organization permanently.
  • It has six "dialogue partners" (Armenia, Cambodia, Azerbaijan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Turkey).
  • It was resolved to begin the process of Iran joining the SCO as a full member in 2021, and Egypt, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia were invited to participate in talks.
  • Regular communication with SCO representatives is maintained by the Department for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) and UNRCCA (United Nations Center for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia).
  • Partnership efforts place great emphasis on regional security trends as well as important issues of prevention against terrorism and violent extremism.
  • Since its establishment in 2001, the SCO has focused mostly on regional security issues, its fight against regional terrorism, ethnic secession, and religious extremism. Regional development is currently another priority of the SCO.


Why is Turkmenistan not a member of SCO?

In the UN, Turkmenistan formally declared its "Permanent Neutrality" in 1995. A special resolution was adopted by the UN in response when it was acknowledged. As a result, it will not sign on to any multilateral defense organizations, such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.


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