Why is the Sangam Age so Called?

By K Balaji|Updated : August 18th, 2022

The Sangam Age is so called as it refers to the meeting of musicians and poets where most Tamil literature got documented. Sangam Age is the era from the 3rd century B.C. to the 3rd century A.D. in south India.

According to Tamil legends, there existed 3 Sangams called Muchchangam that functioned in ancient South India. These Sangams prospered under the monarchical business of the Pandya kings of Madurai. The Sangam literature comprises of Tolkappiyam, Pathinenkilkanakku, Pattuppattu, Ettutogai, and two epics named – Silappathikaram and Manimegalai.

Details About Sangam Age Economy

Agribusiness was the principal occupation where rice was the most standard crop. The Puhar city became a port of foreign trade, containing precious goods. Roman Emperors like Tiberius, Augustus, and Nero allocated many silver and gold coins.

  • During the Sangam period, handicrafts included metal pieces, weaving, carpentry, building yachts and the making of embellishments.
  • Major exports were cotton textiles, spices, ivory products, and precious rocks, whereas imports were sweet wine, horses, and gold.

Related Questions:-


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  • The Sangam Age is so called because of the Tamils' influential and notable social, cultural, economic, and religious life. It led to the evolution of Dravidian culture in Tamil Nadu.

  • The three Sangams were held in old South India according to the Tamil mythologies, popularly called Muchchangam. The First Sangam was held at Madurai, the second held at Kapadapuram, and the third Sangam was also held at Madurai.

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