Why is Raja Ram Mohan Roy Called the Father of Modern Indian Renaissance?

By meenakshi|Updated : December 23rd, 2022

Raja Ram Mohan Roy is called the father of the modern Indian Renaissance because of his revolutionary contributions to Indian history during the 18th and 19th centuries. He started the fire of liberal reforms by ending the evils of society, child marriage, and Sati. He studied Persian, Arabic, and Sanskrit, which influenced his views on God. He studied the Upanishads, Vedas, and the Quran and translated many scriptures into English. He worked as a moneylender in Calcutta and the East India Company's Revenue Department from 1809 to 1814.

Father of Modern Indian Renaissance

Raja Ram Mohan Roy was born on 22 May 1772 in Radhanagar, Bengal, in an orthodox Brahman family. He formed the Atmiya Sabha and Brahmo Samaj and contributed to the modern Indian Renaissance majorly. His biggest contributions are as follows:

  • He worked against the practice of Sati.
  • He raised his voice against the purdah system.
  • He abolished the evil practice of child marriage.
  • He stopped polygamy.
  • For women's empowerment, he worked for female education and widow remarriage.
  • He was opposed to superstitious practices, customs such as Sati, polygamy, child marriage, and the rigidity of the caste system and its excesses, and he advocated for women's property inheritance rights.
  • He supported inter-caste marriages, female education, and widow remarriage.
  • He founded the Atmiya Sabha in 1814. (Friendly Society).
  • Atmiya Sabha attempted to initiate social and religious reforms.
  • In 1828, he founded the Brahmo Samaj, a Hindu reformist movement aimed at combating social evils prevalent in society.

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FAQs on Father of Modern Indian Renaissance

  • The father of the modern Indian Renaissance is Raja Ram Mohan Roy. It is because of his revolutionary contributions to Indian history during the 18th and 19th centuries that he has earned this title.

  • The major social reforms by Raja Ram Mohan Roy are the formation of Atmiya Sabha and Brahmo Samaj. He formed them with the aim of abolishing the caste system, polygamy, child marriage, and sati. He also worked for women's rights over the inheritance of property.

  • Raja Ram Mohan Roy led the renaissance in modern Indian literature by raising voices against the practice of Sati and child marriage. His works were also centred around his revolutionary ideas that spoke of a new world without such social evils.

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