Why is India so Densely Populated?

India currently ranks behind China as the world's second most populous nation, however by 2024, India will overtake China. The issue of a high population is one that previous administrations have been cognizant of, and efforts are being made to alleviate it. India accounts for almost 16% of the global population, yet only makes for 2.4% of the planet's total surface area, which gives us a sense of how serious this issue is.

Densely Populated India

The main effect of the expanding population is on economic development since the population growth consumes a small increase in national income under economic development. As a result, the nation's per capita income does not increase, which in turn contributes to a low standard of living.

India had a population of about 238 million in 1900. India has 361 million people living there from 1950–1951. As of the 2001 Census, there were 1,027 million people. The 1950s marked the beginning of the population boom, and the 1960s and 1970s had the highest decadal growth rates (24.8 and 24.7 percent, respectively). Decadal growth has been declining since the 1980s, and the 1990s experienced a considerable decline.

A woman in India has an average of 2.3 children over her lifetime, down from 5.9 in 1951. This is known as the total fertility rate. Due to population plans and other efforts, the fertility rate has been declining, but even so, it is still very high when compared to other nations. This indicates that while the birth rate has been down, the population has been growing because of the significant advancements in medical research.

Early marriages, ignorance, poverty, illiteracy, and illegal immigration are further factors that have led to high birth rates.

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FAQs on Why is India so Densely Populated?

  • We can clearly see the two key causes of India's population growth: first, a birth rate that is higher than the mortality rate and a fertility rate that is still higher than is necessary. Although the administration has made significant progress in lowering the death rate, the same cannot be said for the birth rate.

  • Because most locations in India contain natural resources that sustain agriculture and industries, there is a high population density there. The availability of water and the number of cities have also contributed to the population increase. India has an unequal distribution of its population.

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