India as a Sub-Continent
The term subcontinent refers to a large area of amass that forms a subdivision of a continent. E.g., Asia is a continent while India is a subcontinent. India is situated on the Indian plate. Geologically, India is considered to be related to a landmass that was rifted from the Gondwana nearly 55 million years ago. According to J. R. Lukas, an anthropologist, India has occupied a major landmass in South Asia, while B. N. Mukherjee, a historian, considered India subcontinent with an invisible geographical entity. The boundaries of the Indian subcontinent are-
- The Himalayas, the Karakoram, and Hindu Kush mountains in the North.
- Mountain ranges of the Hindu Kush, Pab range, Brahui range, Kirthar Mountains, Sulaiman Mountains, and Spin Ghar in the west.
- Chin hills, Lushai, and Patkai Naga in the east.
- Arabian sea, Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean in the southwest, southeast, and south.
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