Why is India called a Subcontinent? Name the Countries that form a part of the Indian Subcontinent

By K Balaji|Updated : September 7th, 2022

India is called a subcontinent because it covers an expansive area of land, including the Gangetic plains, the plateau region in the south, and the great Himalayan region in the north. It has a different geographical, political, and cultural identity. Moreover, India is a country with a large mass (somewhat less than a continent). The countries that form a part of the Indian subcontinent are India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Srilanka, Maldives, and Bhutan.

India as a Sub-Continent

The term subcontinent refers to a large area of amass that forms a subdivision of a continent. E.g., Asia is a continent while India is a subcontinent. India is situated on the Indian plate. Geologically, India is considered to be related to a landmass that was rifted from the Gondwana nearly 55 million years ago. According to J. R. Lukas, an anthropologist, India has occupied a major landmass in South Asia, while B. N. Mukherjee, a historian, considered India subcontinent with an invisible geographical entity. The boundaries of the Indian subcontinent are-

  • The Himalayas, the Karakoram, and Hindu Kush mountains in the North.
  • Mountain ranges of the Hindu Kush, Pab range, Brahui range, Kirthar Mountains, Sulaiman Mountains, and Spin Ghar in the west.
  • Chin hills, Lushai, and Patkai Naga in the east.
  • Arabian sea, Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean in the southwest, southeast, and south.

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FAQs

  • A subcontinent is a large area of mass that forms a subdivision of a continent and India covers an expansive area of land, including the Gangetic plains, the plateau region in the south, and the great Himalayan region in the north.

  • The countries that form a part of the Indian subcontinent are  India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Srilanka, Maldives, and Bhutan.

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