Why has the Cotton Textile Industry Rapidly Expanded in Mumbai?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 6th, 2022

The Cotton Textile Industry rapidly grew in Mumbai because of several factors. The city has a warm, muggy climate that is favourable for cotton growth. The raw materials are conveniently accessible. Mumbai has a port, which helps in product import and export.

The Cotton Textile Industry in Mumbai

The first productive mechanised textile mill opened in Mumbai in 1854.

  • The region's cotton textile industry grew quickly. Thanks to skilled labour, the availability of raw materials, a port for importing machinery, a humid and warm climate, and other factors.
  • Gujarat and Maharashtra states saw a boom in the cotton industry as a result of the favourable humid environment.
  • Due to the ability to artificially manufacture humidity and the accessibility of pure raw cotton, the cotton textile industry has currently spread to various regions of the nation.
  • The cotton textile industry has some significant centres in Panipat, Puducherry, Kolkata, Ludhiana, Mumbai, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Kanpur, and Coimbatore.
  • In Ahmedabad, the first mill was established in 1859. It later advanced to become India's second-largest textile city, behind Mumbai. It was been called the "Manchester of India."
  • Furthermore, there were raw materials readily available because Ahmedabad was adjacent to cotton-growing regions. It was simple to find land, the landscape was level, and the climate was perfect for spinning and weaving.
  • Due to the high population density in Maharashtra and Gujarat, skilled and semi-skilled labour was readily available.
  • Because of the well-developed railway and road networks, the market was easily accessible.
  • Due to the Mumbai port, even the export of cotton textiles and the import of machinery were simple.

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  • The Cotton textile industry was established in Mumbai when Bombay Spinning and Weaving Company set up their first cotton mill on 7 July 1854 at Tardeo by Cowaszee Nanabhoy Davar and his associates.

  • Ahmedabad is called the Machester of India.

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