Why did the Chola Empire Fall?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : November 15th, 2022

The Chola empire fell due to bitter internal protests among the Pandyas that eventually led to the decline of the Chola dynasty. The Pandyan Dynasty overthrew the Chola dynasty, putting an end to it. The Cholas and the Pandyas were sworn enemies from the beginning. However, the demise of the Chola dynasty could not be attributed to a single cause; rather, a tragic series of occurrences brought about the collapse of the Chola empire.

Reason for the Fall of Chola Empire

The Cholas were initially defeated by the Pandyas in 1217, which gradually led to the constant decline of the Chola dynasty till their final defeat in 1279. The last of the Chola kings were Rajendra Chola III, who faced defeat at the hands of the Pandya King Maravarman Kulasekara Pandyan I.

There were many reasons behind the fall of the Chola Empire, such as:

  • Corruption
  • Lack of resources
  • Internal disputes
  • Infiltration and dishonesty within the armed forces

One of the longest-reigning dynasties in history was the Chola, a Tamil thalassocratic empire in southern India. The earliest datable references to the Chola come from inscriptions that date to Ashoka's rule over the Maurya Empire in the third century BCE.

Ancient Tamil literature from the Sangam Period, oral traditions, religious writings, temple and copperplate inscriptions, and ancient religious texts are the main sources of information about the early Cholas. A lengthy and ancient lineage was also claimed by later medieval Cholas.

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FAQs on Fall of Chola Empire

  • The Chola empire fell as a result of bitter internal Pandya protests, which eventually led to the Chola dynasty's demise. The Pandyan Dynasty ended the Chola dynasty.

  • The last king, Rajendra Chola III was defeated by the Pandyan king Maravarman Kulasekara Pandyan I. It was in 1279 that the Chola Empire finally had its downfall. It all started in 1217 with their first defeat at the hands of the Pandyas.

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