Reason for the Fall of Chola Empire
The Cholas were initially defeated by the Pandyas in 1217, which gradually led to the constant decline of the Chola dynasty till their final defeat in 1279. The last of the Chola kings were Rajendra Chola III, who faced defeat at the hands of the Pandya King Maravarman Kulasekara Pandyan I.
There were many reasons behind the fall of the Chola Empire, such as:
- Lack of resources
- Internal disputes
- Infiltration and dishonesty within the armed forces
One of the longest-reigning dynasties in history was the Chola, a Tamil thalassocratic empire in southern India. The earliest datable references to the Chola come from inscriptions that date to Ashoka's rule over the Maurya Empire in the third century BCE.
Ancient Tamil literature from the Sangam Period, oral traditions, religious writings, temple and copperplate inscriptions, and ancient religious texts are the main sources of information about the early Cholas. A lengthy and ancient lineage was also claimed by later medieval Cholas.