Why did nationalist tensions emerge in the Balkans?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 5th, 2022

Nationalist tensions emerged in the Balkans as the spread of romantic nationalism ideas led to the Ottoman Empire's disintegration, which had previously ruled the area. The various Slavic communities of the Balkans started to strive for independent rule. The Spring of Nations in 1848 marked the beginning of nationalism's ascent in Europe. Early in the nineteenth century, nationalism became a potent force that drastically altered Europe's political and intellectual landscape. In place of the multiple-nation dynastic empires of Europe, these shifts ultimately led to the rise of the nation-state.

The Balkans

The Balkans were geographically diverse areas that provided crucial resources, including coal, lead, and zinc. The Ottoman Empire was vanquished in the first Balkan war that started in 1912, and the First World War broke out in 1914.

The following factors contribute to the rise of nationalist tensions in the Balkans.

  • Modern-day Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia, Serbia, and Montenegro were once known as Slav countries the Balkans is a region of geographical and ethnic diversity.
  • The Ottoman Empire ruled over a sizable portion of it. Gradually, they were separated and declared independent.
  • The Balkans became extremely volatile due to the spread of romantic nationalism notions and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire.

Summary:

Why did nationalist tensions emerge in the Balkans?

In the Balkans, Nationalist tensions emerged due to the spread of nationalism ideas, which led to the Ottoman Empire's disintegration, which previously ruled them. The Slavic communities of the Balkans strived for independent rule.

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