Why did Mahatma Gandhi launch the 'Non-Cooperation Movement'? How did this movement unite the country. Explain.

By Ruchika|Updated : September 4th, 2022

Non-Cooperation Movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1921 to promote self-governance and mobilise efforts toward independence. This movement was a reaction to the unfair treatment by the British government. It was a non-violent protest which united the masses and motivated them to resist cooperating with the British government to weaken the hold they have on India and Indians.

Launch of the Non-Cooperation Movement

Mahatma Gandhi launched the non-cooperation movement to withdraw the support by Indians on which the British empire flourished. The movement was launched to oppose the Rowlette Act which was passed despite the opposition by Indian Lawyers. On 13 April, a peaceful procession against the act was disrupted by the British who fired at protestors and violently tried to suppress them. This came to be known as the Jalianwala Bagh massacre and it prompted Gandhi to launch the non-cooperation movement.

The non-cooperation movement aimed at minimising the reliance on the British government and resisting it as much as possible. The idea was to not cooperate with the British Raj and boycott all the government institutions. This movement united the country as along with the non-cooperation movement, Muslims also started Khilafat Movement. Both the movement aimed for the same results and hence achieved Hindu-Muslim unity. Also, the non-cooperative movement benefitted all the sections of society such as women, students, zamindars, etc. which helped in achieving unity in the country.

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  • The non-cooperation movement was launched by Gandhi to promote self-governance and boycott all government institutions to help achieve independence by non-cooperation.

  • Along with the non-cooperative movement, Muslims also launched the Khilafat movement with the same aim which helped in achieving Hindu-Muslim unity. Also, the non-cooperation movement benefitted all sections of society which united them in their efforts.

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