Open Firing at Jallianwala Bagh (1919)
- When martial law was declared in Punjab, more than four people gatherings were prohibited.
- Michael O'Dwyer was serving as Punjab Lieutenant General at the time.
- Lord Chelmsford headed India.
- Peaceful protesters gathered at Jallianwala Bagh, a public space in Amritsar, on April 13, 1919, the day of the Baisakhi festival.
- Moreover, pilgrims were there to commemorate Baisakhi.
- The only limited entrance to the garden was closed when General Dyer arrived with his troops.
- He suddenly ordered his soldiers to open fire on the defenseless crowd, including children.
- 1650 rounds were consumed after about 10 minutes of random fire.
- As a result, more than 1,500 people were injured, and at least 1,000 died.
- Indians were brutally shocked by this disaster, which ultimately damaged their faith in the British judicial system.
- National leaders roundly condemned Dyer and the act.
Why did General Dyer open fire?
General Dyer opened fire on the Jallianwala Bagh mob to strictly enforce the Martial Law that was in effect at the time in Amritsar. Due to riots and rallies against the Rowlatt Act, the situation in Punjab was alarming.