Why did Gandhi ji call off the Non-cooperation Movement?

By K Balaji|Updated : September 4th, 2022

Gandhiji called off the Non-cooperation movement because of the incident of Chauri Chaura. This incident took place in Uttar Pradesh on 5th Feb 1922. In this incident, the protest against the British related to the Non-cooperation Movement became violent. The protestors burnt 22 policemen alive by setting fire to a police station. He believed in Satyagrah, but after the incident, he felt people needed sufficient training to prepare for mass struggle.

Reasons to withdraw from the Non-cooperation Movement

The non-cooperation movement was introduced by Gandhi ji to induce the British government in order to gain swaraj or self-governance in India with the idea of satyagraha. In the non-cooperation movement, Indian resigned from their respective titles (given by the British government to them) and boycotted the educational institutions run by the government, services, courts, elections, and foreign goods. Moreover, the people refused to pay taxes. It was a successful movement until February 1922.

Gandhi ji felt the need to educate the masses about the genuine concept of Satyagrah as the people set fire to a police station during a protest in Chauri Chaura village of Uttar Pradesh. In this incident, 22 policemen were burnt alive to death, and Gandhiji was not in favour of such acts. So, he withdrew the movement.

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FAQs

  • Gandhi ji called off the Non-cooperation movement because of the violent protest by masses in which they set fire to a police station in the village of Chauri Chaura. They killed 22 policemen by burning them alive.

  • The non-cooperation movement was one of the most significant freedom movements that shook the British government. The masses resigned from their respective titles and boycotted foreign goods, courts, educational institutions, elections, and services. People even refused to pay taxes. Because of the movement, the British government had to face a huge loss.

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