Why did Gandhiji call off the Non-cooperation Movement?

By Devyani Singh|Updated : November 23rd, 2022

The Non-Cooperation Movement (NCM) was called by Mahatma Gandhi after the Chauri Chaura incident on 04 February 1922. A big group of protestors that were participants of the non-cooperation movement were fired upon at Chauri Chaura. This made the protestors retaliate with violence, and they surrounded, attacked, and eventually burned down the police station in the area.

Reason for Calling off Non-cooperation Movement

This incident led to the killing of the occupants inside, 22 policemen in total. Mahatma Gandhi was against violence in any form. Seeing the movement take a violent turn, he withdrew it immediately. 

  • On 04 September 1920, Mahatma Gandhi began the Non-Cooperation movement.
  • The goal of this political campaign was to get Indians to revoke and stop working with the British government.
  • This movement's main goal was to demand self-rule from the British throne.
  • This movement adhered to the ahimsa and nonviolent protest principles, just like all others Gandhi started.
  • Gandhi recognised the value of mass mobilisation very early on, and because of his moral character, he had enormous influence over the Indian populace.
  • The protests took a non-violent stance. The leaders urged Indians of all ranks to refuse to cooperate with the government by giving up their titles, their government jobs, their appointed seats, etc.
  • The movement was very successful in creating a lot of tension among the British officials.
  • However, the Chauri Chaura incident in 1922 made Gandhiji decide to take the movement back.
  • Congress was not in favour of the decision. However, Gandhiji stood his ground and rescinded the movement.

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FAQs about Why did Gandhiji call off non-cooperation?

  • Gandhiji took the Non-Cooperation Movement back because of the Chauri Chaura incident, where an angry mob surrounded and burned a police station down, killing 22 policemen trapped inside it. He strictly adhered to the principles of ahimsa and peaceful protesting and did not like the violent turn the movement took

  • There were 4 main causes for the Non-Cooperation Movement:

    • Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
    • Dissatisfaction with Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms.
    • Rowlatt Act.
    • Khilafat Agitation.

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