Why Bryophytes are known as Amphibians of Plant Kingdom?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

Bryophytes are known as Amphibians of the Plant Kingdom because although they live in the soil, they need water for reproduction and fertilization. Bryophytes include plants like mosses, hornworts, and liverworts. The term Bryophyta originated from 'Bryon', which means 'mosses', and 'phyton', which means 'plants'.

This explains the nature of Bryophytes, as they prefer moist and humid environments and lack vascular tissues. They require water for asexual reproduction. They live on land and water, which is why they are called amphibians of the plant kingdom.

The study of Bryophytes is called 'Bryology'.

What are Bryophytes?

Bryophyte is a conventional term referring to a non-vascular seedless plant like mosses or hornworts. As they lack vascular tissues and are seedless plants, they don't produce flowers but reproduce through spores. These small plants grow in moist and humid areas, needing water for reproduction and fertilization. The sperms of Bryophytes are called Anthrozoids and are flagellate, which is why they need water to swim to the eggs.

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FAQs

  • ‘Bryophyta’ originated from ‘Bryon’, which means ‘mosses’, and ‘phyton’, which means ‘plants’.

  • The study of Bryophytes is called ‘Bryology’.

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