Who was the last ruler of the Shishunaga dynasty?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 3rd, 2022

The last ruler of the Shishunaga dynasty was Mahanandin, as per Puranas. His illegitimate son from a Shudra wife, Mahapadma, killed him. The Shishunaga Dynasty ruled the Magadha Kingdom from 413 BCE to 345 BCE in ancient India. It is the second ruling dynasty of Magadha, succeeding Nagadashaka of the Haryanka dynasty.

Rulers of Shishunaga Dynasty

  • The first ruler was Shishunaga, who got power when the people revolted against the Haryanka Dynasty in the 5th century BCE.
  • The kings followed the reigns of Bimbisara and Ajatashatru, contemporaries of the Buddha.
  • Shishunaga inherited the region of Magadha, which is Bihar today, rich in mineral resources, iron ores to manufacture weapons, and jungles with its woods and elephants to help the army.
  • Shishunaga strengthened the army during his period. He fought against Avantivardhana and annexed the Avanti kingdom.
  • Shishunaga’s son Kalashoka is known chiefly for meeting the second Buddhist Council at Vaishali and shifting the Magadhan capital to Pataliputra.
  • The last Shishunaga king, according to the Puranas of Hinduism, was Mahanandin.
  • Mahanandin was probably a grandson of Kalashoka and son of Nandivardhan.
  • Mahanandin was brutally murdered by a Shudra lover of his wife by his illegitimate son from a Shudra wife named Mahapadma, who formed the dynasty of the Nandas and became its first ruler by the name of Mahapadma Nanda.

Summary:

Who was the last ruler of the Shishunaga dynasty?

The last ruler of the Shishunaga dynasty was Mahanandin. Mahapadma, his illegitimate son from a Shudra wife, killed him. Shishunaga Dynasty had a short reign and was succeeded by Nandas.

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