Who was the last ruler of the Maurya dynasty?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 1st, 2022

Brihadratha was the last ruler of the Maurya dynasty. He came to the throne when the territories had shrunk considerably during Ashoka's time. Literary sources such as Indica of Megasthenes, Arthashastra of Kautilya, and Ashoka's edicts give a clear picture of the history.

Brihadratha Maurya - Last Ruler of the Maurya Dynasty

Mauryan Empire [c. 324 - 187 BCE]:

There are literary sources that show the Mauryan empire's different facets. They are:

  • The trinity of Buddhist texts – Milindapanho, Mahavamsa, and Mahabhashya provide us with an idea about the life of Chandragupta.
  • Banabhatta's Kadambari.
  • The Ashokavadana, Buddhist Dipavamsa, Mahavamsa, and Divyavadana give details about Ashoka.
  • Parishishta Parvan of Hema Chandra establishes the connection of Chandragupta with Jainism.
  • Mudrarakshasa of Visakhadatta (from the 5th century CE) is a historical drama which explains the machinations of Chanakya against the enemies of Chandragupta.

All these texts help in knowing the administration and life of the Mauryas. Among these literary sources, Indica and Arthashastra are more important.

Summary:

Who was the last ruler of the Maurya dynasty?

The last ruler of the Maurya dynasty was Brihadratha, who came to power when the territories shrunk during the time of Ashoka.

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