Who was the Founder of Satyashodhak Samaj?

By K Balaji|Updated : January 19th, 2023

The founder of Satyashodhak Samaj was Jyotiba Phule. Satyashodhak Samaj was a reformational society that was founded by him in Pune, Maharashtra on 24 September 1873. It aimed to promote education and increase justice, social rights and political access for the deprived sections of society.

Moreover, the major goal was to uplift the Shudras, Dalits and women living in Maharashtra. Savitribai, the wife of Jyotiba Phule, oversaw the social events for the women's section. However, the Samaj began to disintegrate in the 1930s as the leaders began to join the Indian National Congress (INC).

Founder of Satyashodhak Samaj

Satyashodhak Samaj was a Truth Seekers' Society that was founded by Jyotibha Phule. It denounced the exploitation of religion and caste-based systems. The major aims and objectives of Satyashodhak Samaj are as follows:

  • The Samaj believed in one god and opposed intermediaries between man the God.
  • The primary aim of Satyashodhak Samaj was to end the exploitation of Shudras and Dalits by the Brahmins.
  • It further aimed to influence people to believe that every individual is the child of one omnipotent, i.e. God.
  • Satyashodhak Samaj also claimed that a person does not need any medium to communicate with God. He argued that God could hear the subject and voice of the devotee before the outer world could hear it through the medium's voice.
  • Through the Satyashodhak Samaj, Jyotibha Phule rejected the Vedic culture approach and the predominance of the celebrated Aryan history and society.

Furthermore, focusing on education for the lower classes and neglected sections of society helped uplift their status and position. This was the only solution to the constant exploitation and oppression of Shudras and Dalits in a Brahmin dominated society.

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  • Jyotiba Phule, a Maharashtrian social reformer, was the founder of Satyashodhak Samaj in Pune, Maharashtra. The term Satyashodhak Samaj means Truth Seekers Society. It opposed the exploitation of the Brahmins on Shudras and Dalits or Ati-Shudras. It aimed to uplift the status of underprivileged people in society.

  • The aim of Satyshodhak Samaj was to provide education and social rights to the underprivileged section of society. It also aimed to uplift the Dalits, Shudras and Ati-Shudras and provide them with basic human rights who were living in Maharashtra.

  • The father of the Indian social revolution is Mahatma Jotirao Phule. He was a social activist and anti-caste social reformer who founded Satyashodhak Samaj to uplift the societal status of the underprivileged and deprived people living in Maharashtra. He wrote a famous book on slavery known as 'Gulamgiri' in 1873.

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