Who was the father of the communal electorate?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 6th, 2022

Lord Minto was the father of the communal electorate. It resulted from the 1909 passage of the Indian Councils Act, which established separate Muslim electorates. Due to the introduction of electorates based entirely on religion, this act essentially "legalized communalism."

Father of the Communal Electorate

Morley-Minto Reforms:

  • Few Indians received this opportunity, despite Queen Victoria's declaration that they would be treated equally, as the British government was reluctant to accept them as partners on an equal footing.
  • Bengal was divided in 1905 under the direction of Lord Curzon.
  • It resulted in a significant insurrection in Bengal.
  • Following this, the British rulers realized that the Indian administration needed some changes.
  • Further reforms and Indians' right to self-government were essential priorities for the Indian National Congress (INC).
  • The earlier Congress leaders were moderates, but extreme politicians who supported more violent tactics suddenly increased.
  • The INC initially demanded home rule in 1906.
  • Gopal Krishna Gokhale contacted Morley in England to emphasize the necessity of changes.
  • A delegation from Shimla met Lord Minto in 1906 and requested a separate electorate for Muslims.
  • Aga Khan led the delegation.

Summary:

Who was the father of the communal electorate?

Lord Minto is the "father of the communal electorate." It came about due to the Indian Councils Act's 1909 passing, which created separate Muslim electorates. This act ultimately "legalized communalism" because it allowed for the creation of electorates that were solely based on religion.

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