Who Started the Kuka Movement?

By Esha Dhawan|Updated : July 25th, 2022

The Kuka Movement was the first significant movement against the new British rule in Punjab. This movement was based on both political and religious angles. It was Baba Ram Singh, a soldier in the Army of Prince Naunihal Singh, who started the Kuka Movement.


It was Baba Ram Singh who started the Kuka Movement

Baba Ram Singh was the son of a carpenter born in 1815 in a small village called Bhaini in Punjab. After serving in the Sikh army of Prince Naunihal, he left the army when the Sikh rule was overthrown. He later came in contact with Baba Balak Singh and Bhagat Jawar mal. In 1872, Ram Singh was captured and exiled and 65 Kukas were blown by canons by the British army.

Who Were the Kukas? 

The Kukas were a sect within Sikhism that is also referred to as Namdharis. They were created as a group for religious purification under Ram Singh. This movement also took a political turn with the goal of restoring the Sikh rule in Punjab. The Kukas boycotted British products, laws and education.


Who Started the Kuka Movement?

Baba Ram Singh, a soldier in the Sikh army of Prince Naunihal was responsible for starting the Kuka Movement against British rule. He was a part of the Kuka sect which were Namdhari Sikhs who worked for the purification of religion.


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