Who propagated the 'safety valve theory' and about which organization?

By Raj Vimal|Updated : October 13th, 2022

(A) A. O. Hume, about Indian National Congress

(B) Lord Dufferin about Indian Association

(C) Charles Tegart for Zamindari Association

(D) Lord Macaulay for British-India League

A.O Hume propagated the safety Valve theory about Indian National Congress. An English civil servant by the name of A.O. Hume founded the Indian National Congress. Hume's primary motivation in aiding in the establishment of the National Congress was to give the growing popular anger with British authority a channel—"a safety valve."

AO Hume: As Founder of Congress 

  • He thought that the National Congress would offer a legal and peaceful outlet.
  • Indians with higher education are dissatisfied, which would help prevent the start of a public uprising.
  • The "safety valve" notion only represents a small portion of reality, though.
  • Indians who are politically aware can work for their political and economic growth through the National Congress, which serves as a national organization.

First Session of Indian National Congress:

In December 1885, A.O. Hume organized the first meeting of the Indian National Congress in Bombay alongside notable Indian leaders. There were 72 delegates present, and W.C. Bonnerjee served as the meeting's chair. The National Congress's objectives were stated to be the development and strengthening of the sense of national unity regardless of caste, religion, or province, the cultivation of cordial contacts between nationalist political activists from all sections of the country, Creation of societal needs. The country's public opinion organization and training are very crucial.

Summary:

Who propagated the 'safety valve theory' and about which organization? (A) A. O. Hume, about Indian National Congress (B) Lord Dufferin about Indian Association (C) Charles Tegart for Zamindari Association (D) Lord Macaulay for British-India League

A. O. Hume promoted the "safety valve theory" regarding the Indian National Congress and whatever organization. A.O. Hume convinced Lord Dufferin not to obstruct the formation of the Congress.

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