- The Khilafat movement was a movement started by the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent to restore the Ottoman Caliph, who was considered the leader of the Muslims, as an effective political authority.
- The purpose was to get the British government to preserve the Ottoman Sultan's authority as the Caliph of Islam after the Ottoman Empire's collapse at the war's end.
- The Khilafat movement coincided with the Non-cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi.
- In 1920, an alliance was formed between the leaders of the Khilafat and the Indian National Congress, the largest political party in India and a nationalist movement.
- Congress leader Mohandas Gandhi and the Khilafat leaders promised to work and fight together for the cause of Khilafat and Swaraj.
Who led the Khilafat Movement?
The brothers Muḥammad Alī, Shaukat, and Abul Kalam Azad led the Khilafat movement. It was an agitation by Muslims in India associated with Indian nationalism in the years after the First World War.