Who led the Khilafat Movement?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 4th, 2022

The Ali brothers Shaukat, Muḥammad ʿAlī, and Abul Kalam Azad led the Khilafat movement. The Khilafat Movement was an agitation by Indian Muslims associated with Indian nationalism in the years following the First World War. The Khilafat Movement started in 1919 and ended in 1924. The Muslim population regarded the Sultan as their religious head in India. Two Ali brothers founded the Khilafat movement. Mohammed Ali and Shaukat Ali - Maulana Azad, Hasrat Mohani, and Hakim Ajmal Khan were the leaders of this movement.

Khilafat Movement

  • The Khilafat movement was a movement started by the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent to restore the Ottoman Caliph, who was considered the leader of the Muslims, as an effective political authority.
  • The purpose was to get the British government to preserve the Ottoman Sultan's authority as the Caliph of Islam after the Ottoman Empire's collapse at the war's end.
  • The Khilafat movement coincided with the Non-cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi.
  • In 1920, an alliance was formed between the leaders of the Khilafat and the Indian National Congress, the largest political party in India and a nationalist movement.
  • Congress leader Mohandas Gandhi and the Khilafat leaders promised to work and fight together for the cause of Khilafat and Swaraj.

Summary:

Who led the Khilafat Movement?

The brothers Muḥammad Alī, Shaukat, and Abul Kalam Azad led the Khilafat movement. It was an agitation by Muslims in India associated with Indian nationalism in the years after the First World War.

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