Who is the pioneer of the cooperative movement in India?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 2nd, 2022

The pioneer of the cooperative movement in India is Sir Frederic Nicholson. Cooperative societies can be considered autonomous associations of people who have come together voluntarily to fulfil their common social, cultural, and economic aspirations and needs through a democratically controlled and jointly owned enterprise.

  • It tends to help illiterate, poor, and unskilled people. It played an essential role in agriculture, banking and housing.
  • Cooperative societies helped increase participation politically, especially in rural areas.

Causes of the Cooperative Movement in India

The cooperative movement arose due to India's stress in the last quarter of the nineteenth century.

  • The Industrial Revolution left the hands of the mass population and drove them into agriculture.
  • Agriculture was the only source of employment and livelihood at that time.
  • Subdivisions and fragments of holdings made agriculture uneconomic.
  • Moneylenders ensure the humiliation of farmers.
  • They will provide money by buying their crops for throwaways or charging a high-interest rate.
  • These situations served the need for an alternative agency.

Summary:

Who is the pioneer of the cooperative movement in India?

The pioneer of the cooperative movement in India is Sir Frederic Nicholson. It helped the illiterate, poor, and unskilled people and played a crucial role in agriculture, banking and housing.

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