Who is the father of Sangam literature?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 4th, 2022

Siddhar Agastya is known as the father of Sangam literature. Sangam literature, historically called "poetry of the sublime," is the oldest known literature of South India. The word "Sangam" literally refers to the association. This period's three major Tamil kingdoms were the Cheras, the Cholas, and the Pandyas.

Sangam Literature

  • The historical Sangam literature era lasted from c. 300 BCE to 300 CE.
  • Sangam literature was composed of 473 poets, about 102 anonymous. Of all the poets, 27 were women.
  • There are two categories in Sangam literature, namely, Akam and Puram.
  • Akam's poetry deals with feelings and emotions in sexual connection, romantic love, and sensuality.
  • Puram's poetry deals with heroic deeds and achievements in the milieu of battle and public life.
  • In Sangam poetry, Three-fourths is on the theme of akam, whereas one-fourth is on the theme of Puram.
  • Sangam literature is divided into seven minor genres called Tinai.
  • This minor genre focuses on the scenery or setting of the poetry.
  • Akam poetry uses images and metaphors to build atmosphere; it does not contain the names of persons or places.
  • Puram's poetry is more direct and uses names and places.

Summary:

Who is the father of Sangam literature?

Siddhar Agastya is the father of Sangam literature. He is traditionally believed to have chaired the first Tamil Sangam in Madurai. The ancient Tamil Siddhar Agastya presided over the first Tamil Sangam in Madurai.

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