Who is called martin luther king of India?

By Krishan Yadav|Updated : June 30th, 2022

Hindu Luther of Northern India Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was a great 19th-century Bengali scholar, reformer, writer, and philanthropist, whose ideas remain relevant even in modern India. He had devoted his life to improving the status of Hindu widows and encouraging remarriage.

Find out more about the Martin Luther King of Northern India below.

Vidyasagar

The title 'Vidyasagar' (ocean of knowledge) was given to him due to his vast knowledge in several subjects. Poet Michael Madhusudan Dutta while writing about Ishwar Chandra said: "The genius and wisdom of an ancient sage, the energy of an Englishman and the heart of a Bengali mother".

Hindu remarriages

Martin Luther King of Northern India Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was the most prominent campaigner for Hindu widow remarriage, petitioning the Legislative council despite severe opposition, including a counter-petition (by Radhakanta Deb and the Dharma Sabha) which had nearly four times as many signatures.

Printing press

Vidyasagar provided the intellectual basis for constructing a pedagogy of the child mind in Bengal, and he backed it up on the one hand with actual publishing programmes, and on the other with his campaign for widow remarriage and the raising of the age of consent.

Summary

He was the most prominent campaigner for Hindu widow remarriage, petitioning the Legislative council despite severe opposition, including a counter-petition (by Radhakanta Deb and the Dharma Sabha) which had nearly four times as many signatures. Even though widow remarriage was considered a flagrant breach of Hindu customs and was staunchly opposed, Lord Dalhousie personally finalized the bill and the Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act1856 was passed. That is why he is called the MartinLuther King of India.

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