Who is a Public Prosecutor and What is his Role?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 6th, 2022

A public prosecutor is a state representative who is a law officer chosen by the State or Central Government to represent the interests of the public. He/she is a state representative chosen after consulting with the High Court as a member of the criminal justice system.

The State or Central Government may appoint additional prosecutors as well, depending on the case/s at hand. A 'Public Prosecutor' is appointed under Section 24 of the CrPC. A public prosecutor participates in the process of investigation and during the trial.

Role of a Public Prosecutor

A Public Prosecutor acts as an agent of the State who is vested with the responsibility of representing the interests of the common people. Public Prosecutors are appointed in almost all countries as the prosecution of the accused is the duty of the state. The appointment of a Public Prosecutor is based on the basic principle of the 'Rule of Law', which is 'auld alteram partem' which means no person shall be condemned unheard.

Every accused person has the right to be heard, and to prevent wrongful accusations from turning into unfair punishments; Public Prosecutors are appointed. The role of a Public Prosecutor includes the following duties:

  • To conduct the prosecution on the State's behalf
  • To appear in court and obtain the required warrants
  • To enable a speedy trial
  • To ensure justice is met

Related Questions:-


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  • A Public Prosecutor is appointed by the State to represent the common interests of the public & ensure that justice is done.

  • A ‘Public Prosecutor’ is appointed under Section 24 of the CrPC.

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