Who has given the idea of establishing an ombudsman in India?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 2nd, 2022

In 1962, M.C. Setalvad proposed the creation of an Ombudsman at the All India Lawyers' Conference. The Ombudsman typically reports to a judge, lawyer, or high officer, and he looks into clients' grievances against the administration and looks for solutions.

  • Any current government now routinely includes an Ombudsman or a representative of their kind in its administrative structure.
  • The Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013, aims to establish the Lokpal for the Union and the Lokayukta for States to investigate corruption claims against specific public servants and other related problems.

Ombudsman In India

An ombudsman is a government-appointed official who looks into individual complaints about firms, financial institutions, companies, and organizations, particularly government departments or other public agencies, and makes suggestions or seeks to mediate a resolution.

Ombudsman In India:

  • The Lokpal and Lokayuktas were founded in India due to the successful ombudsman systems in other nations.
  • The Indian Ombudsman is Lokpal, while the State Ombudsman is Lokayuktas.
  • At the All India Lawyers' Conference in 1962, M.C. Setalvad proposed the concept of establishing an Ombudsman.
  • In 1968, the Government received a proposal from the Administrative Reforms Committee.
  • The bill was reintroduced in 1971, but it was unsuccessful this time.

Summary:

Who has given the idea of establishing an ombudsman in India?

At the All India Lawyers' Conference in 1962, M.C. Setalvad gave the idea of establishing an Ombudsman in India. Usually, the Ombudsman answers to a judge, attorney, or senior official, investigates consumer complaints about the administration, and seeks resolutions.

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