Framing of the Indian Constitution
- The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.
- The document establishes a framework that defines the basic structure, political code, procedures, duties and powers of government institutions, and the citizen's basic directive principles, rights, and duties.
- It is the longest written national constitution in the world.
- It granted constitutional supremacy (not parliamentary as the Constituent Assembly, not Parliament, curated it) and was adopted by the people with a declaration in the preamble.
- The parliament cannot override the constitution.
- B. R. Ambedkar and the Constitution of India on a 2015 postage stamp of India
- It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950.
- The Constitution replaced the Government of India Act 1935 as the primary governing document of the country, and the Indian Dominion became the Indian republic.
- To ensure autochthony of the constitution, its framers repealed previous acts of the British Parliament in Article 395.
- India celebrates its constitution on January 26 as Republic Day.
Who has framed the Constitution of India?
The Constituent Assembly framed the constitution of India under the chairmanship of Dr B R Ambedkar on August 29, 1947.