Who coined the term Gross National Happiness Index?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 3rd, 2022

Jigme Singye Wangchuck coined the term Gross national happiness index, along with his Majesty the Fourth King of Bhutan, in the 1970s. His Majesty the Fourth King of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, coined the phrase "gross national happiness" in the 1970s.

Gross National Happiness Index of India

  • His Majesty the Fourth King of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, coined the phrase "gross national happiness" in the 1970s.
  • One number, called the Gross National Happiness Index, was created using 33 indicators divided into nine categories.
  • The Alkire-Foster approach, a reliable multivariate methodology, is the foundation on which the GNH index is built.
  • The four pillars of GNH – good governance, sustainable socio-economic development, cultural preservation, and environmental protection – have often been used to illustrate the concept.
  • More recently, the four pillars have been further divided into nine domains to reflect the full spectrum of GNH ideals and promote a broad knowledge of GNH.
  • The nine categories are standard of living, community vitality, good governance, cultural diversity and resilience, physical and mental health, education, and time use.
  • The domains represent every element of the well-being of the Bhutanese people.
  • The term "well-being" in this context refers to the attainment of circumstances of the "good life" under the values and guidelines set by the concept of gross national happiness.

Summary:

Who coined the term Gross National Happiness Index?

In the 1970s, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, His Majesty the Fourth King of Bhutan, coined the expression "gross national happiness." The idea suggests that sustainable development should approach ideas of progress holistically and give equal weight to the non-economic dimensions of well-being.

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