Who are Tribal People?

By Durga Prashanna Mishra|Updated : July 25th, 2022

Tribal People have different social, economic, and cultural conditions from the other sections of the national community. ‘Tribe’ is a modern term used for communities that are very old. The Tribe is among the oldest inhabitants of the sub-continent. Tribes didn’t practice religion with written text, and they didn’t have any normal state or political form. Additionally, the tribal people didn’t have any class division or caste. Even though the Tribal People are not known to keep written records, they have rich oral traditions and customs, which they have passed down to the new generation.

Who is called Tribal Peoples, Give Examples?

The majority of the Tribal People followed agriculture as their occupation. However, there were hunters and gatherers as well. Most of the time they gathered these activities to make the best use of natural resources in their living area,

Tribal societies were different from those that existed in the big cities. According to the 2011 census, the Tribal community constitutes around 8.6% of the total population of India which makes them a minority group. The Tribal population leads a traditional lifestyle that is tied to the forest areas of India.

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FAQs on Who are Tribal People?

  • The tribe is a human social group that lives in a forested region. They have survived by hunting animals and agriculture. Tribe follows their own culture and traditions which are completely different from the mainstream practices. 

  • The Indian constitution has recognized tribal communities under “ Schedule 5” of the constitution. So the tribes recognized by the constitution are known as “ST or Scheduled Tribes” and there are 645 distinct tribes in India.

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