First Reported Case of PIL in India
The first PIL petition was Hussainara Khatoon vs. State of Bihar (1979), although Justice Krishna Iyer mentioned it in the 1976 Mumbai Kamgar case (Mumbai Kamgar Sabha v. M/s Abdulbhai Faizullabhai and others (1976 (3) SCC 832), which concerned the plight of prisoners awaiting trial.
- The inmates of the Bihar jail received justice through the first PIL case reported in India.
- When Hussainara Khatoon brought the first PIL against the Bihar state in 1979, the Supreme Court of India ruled that prisoners must be provided with free legal representation in order to advance their cases and protect their interests.
- Around 40,000 inmates were released from the Bihar jail as a result of this PIL.
PIL or Public Litigation Interest is a concept that comes under Article 39A of the constitution of India. This Article provides that prompt social justice should be provided to every citizen of India with the help of Indian law. Learn more about the first reported case of PIL in India below.